LOXIA

(Fringillidae; Ϯ Red Crossbill L. curvirostra) Gr. λοξος loxos  crosswise, slanting; "Loxia is the proper name of the Cross-bill, from λοξος oblique" (Pennant 1773); "LOXIA Brisson (λοξος obliquus, curvus)  ...  Rostrum mediocre, crassum, compressum, forficatum, mandibularum apicibus inflexis, una alteram decussatim praetereunte" (Illiger 1811); "96. LOXIA.  Rostrum conico-gibbum, fronte subcalvum: Mandibula inferior margine laterali inflexa.  Nares in basi rostri.  Lingua integra." (Linnaeus 1758); "Loxia Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 171. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, ed. 1, p. 49), Loxia curvirostra Linnaeus." (Howell et al. in Peters 1968, XIV, 287). Linnaeus's Loxia comprised thirty-two species (L. Curvirostra, L. Coccothraustes, L. Enucleator, L. Pyrrhula, L. Cardinalis, L. Dominicana, L. cristata, L. mexicana, L. eryocephala, L. flavicans, L. oryzivora, L. panicivora, L. punctulata, L. hordeacea, L. sanguinirostris, L. Astrild, L. cyanea, L. Lineola, L. mexicana, L. Chloris, L. butyracea, L. Collaria, L. benghalensis, L. malabarica, L. fusca, L. melanocephala, L. cana, L. nigra, L. cærulea, L. violacea, L. minuta, L. bicolor). In nomenclature Loxia is used in combination for a variety of finch-like birds, usually distinguished by their curved or thick heavy bills.
Var. Loxias (Gr. λοξιας loxias  crooked, an epithet of Apollo, because of his ambiguous oracles). 
Synon. Chiasoramphe, Crucirostra, Loxorynchus.
● (syn. Coccothraustes Ϯ Hawfinch C. coccothraustes) "CONIROSTRES . . .{ Gros-becs. . .Loxia. . .{ Gros-bec...Loxia  Bec-croisé...Cruci-rostra" (Cuvier 1800).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 21 January 2019).