(Thraupidae; Ϯ Fulvous-crested Tanager M. surinamus) Gr. μασχαλη maskhalē  arm-pit; θραυπις thraupis  unidentified small bird, perhaps some kind of finch, mentioned by Aristotle. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager. "9. Maschalethraupis, new genus (Fig. 2)   Type species. Turdus surinamus Linnaeus, 1766 (currently Tachyphonus surinamus).  ...  The name Maschalethraupis is feminine, but surinamus, which lacks a Latin ending that unambiguously identifies the word as an adjective, may be construed as either an adjective or a noun in apposition, and so should be treated as a noun and left unchanged (Article 31.2.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature 1999).  ...  Etymology. The name is formed from the Greek μασχαλη, "armpit," alluding to the male's contrasting underwing coverts and pectoral tuft emerging from under the bend of the wing, and Greek θραυπις, "a kind of finch mentioned by Aristotle" (Jobling 2010: 385), commonly used in ornithology to coin tanager names. Its gender is feminine" (Burns et al. 2016) (OD per Richard Klim).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2019).