(syn. Todiramphus Ϯ Sombre Kingfisher T. funebris) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black, dark, dusky; genus Halcyon Swainson, 1821, kingfisher; "An anomalous species is Todiramphus funebris Bonaparte, later classed by the same worker in Cyanalcyon, by Gray in Halcyon, later in his subgenus Sauropatis, by Schlegel in Dacelo, and then in Sauropatis generically by Salvadori. It agrees generally in style of coloration with Sauropatis, but the upper coloration is dark brown, the head black. It may have sprung from the Sauropatis stock, but differs so decidedly in coloration that I separate it generically as a new genus MELANALCYON. The bird is similar structurally, but the first primary, though longer than the secondaries, is exceeded by the sixth primary, the second primary being equal to the fifth, while these are little exceeded by the third and fourth which are subequal and longest." (Mathews 1918).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 January 2019).