L. noctua  owl sacred to Minerva (also known as Athene, Pallas, or Pallas Athene), goddess of wisdom, war, and the liberal arts, and whose favourite bird was the owl, an ancient association from her primitive rôle as goddess of the night  < nox, noctis  night.
● (syn. Asio Ϯ Short-eared Owl A. flammeus) "V. NOCTUA minor.  BRISS. av. p. 150. ord. 3. g. 12. s. 5.  Descriptioni BRISSONIANAE per omnia similis est, sed magnitudine tantum maior, quippe quae ad pedalem accedit, et crassitia ululina insignior. Deinde rostrum habet totum nigrum; Remiges e fusco et flavicante varias, multumque flavescentis ventri admiscetur. Mentum album" (S. Gmelin 1771).
● (syn. Athene Ϯ Little Owl A. noctua) "GENRE XIII, NOCTUA  ... Tête sans aigrettes.  ...  NOCTUA Glaux.  La Chevêche" (de Savigny 1809); the Γλαυξ Glaux and Noctua of classical authors.
● (syn. Glaucidium Ϯ Asian Barred Owlet G. cuculoides) "NOCTUA.  ...  Size small. Insectivorous and nocturnal.  Instances. N. Cuculoïdes, GOULD; N. Auribarbis; N. Tarayensis; N. Perlineata; N. Tubiger, nob. [Drawing] Nos. 67, 63. 707, 486, respectively" (Hodgson 1837).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2018).