NYCTIDROMUS

(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ Common Pauraque N. albicollis derbyanus) Gr. νυκτι- nukti-  night-  < νυξ nux, νυκτος nuktos  night; -δρομος -dromos  -racer  < τρεχω trekhō  to run; "Genus NYCTIDROMUS, Gould.   CHARACTERES GENERICI.  Rostrum mediocre, ad basin latissimum, hiatu amplissimo, rictu setis elongatis instructo.  Nares sub-basales, elevate, transversim subovales, apertæ.  Alæ mediocres, remige tertio cæteris præstante.  Cauda elongata, ampla, subrotundata.  Tarsi nudi, elongati, antice scutellati.  Digitorum externus et internus breves, intermedius elongatus, ungue pectinato; digitus posticus liber, parvus, et ungue parvulo instructus.  NYCTIDROMUS DERBYANUS, Gould.   ...   THE members of this group are confined to South America; they run much on the ground, and are remarkable for the great dilatation of the base of the under maxillary bones. There are at least ten species of this peculiar form, among which has hitherto reigned the greatest confusion." (Gould 1838); "Nyctidromus Gould, Icones Av., pt. 2, 1838, pl. [12] and text. Type, by monotypy, Nyctidromus derbyanus Gould." (Peters 1940, IV, 192).
Var. Nyctydromus.
Synon. Eucapripodus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 13 December 2018).