(Thraupidae; Ϯ Red-crested Cardinal P. coronata) Tupí name Tiéguacú paroára for a small yellow, red and grey bird; "19. Paroaria, Nob. (typ. Fringilla cucullata, Vieill.)  Am. m." (Bonaparte 1832); "Paroaria Bonaparte, 1831, Giorn. Arcad. Sci. Lett. Arti [Rome], 52, p. 206. Type, by original designation, Fringilla cucullata Vieillot = Loxia coronata Miller." (Paynter in Peters 1970, XIII, 212).  De Buffon 1770-1783, selected 'Paroare' from the autochthonym Tije guacu paroara (mentioned by Marcgrave) because, where possible, he preferred to retain local names. Brisson 1760, had given the Red-cowled Cardinal P. dominicana the name “Cardinal Dominiquain,” in allusion to its red head and black and white plumage.
Var. Paroria.
Synon. Calyptrophorus, Coccopsis.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2019).