PHAENICOPHAEUS

(Cuculidae; Ϯ Crimson-faced Malkoha P. pyrrhocephalus) Gr. φοινικοφαης phoinikophaēs  of crimson appearance, red-gleaming  < φοινιξ phoinix, φοινικος phoinikos  crimson; φαω phaō  to shine; "PHÆNICOPHÆUS.  MALKOHA.   Generic CharacterRostrum valde robustum, subincurvatum.  Pedes simplices: digitis duobus anticis, duobus posticis, externo longiore.  Caput circa oculos denudatum, papillatum.   THIS genus is readily distinguished from Cuculus by the naked and papillated space that surrounds the eyes, and from Polophilus by the structure of the hinder toes.  The head is somewhat square and very thick; the wings rather short, and the tail remarkably long.    RED-HEADED MALKOHA.  (Phænicophæus pyrrhocephalus.)  ...  This species lives on fruits, and is found at Ceylon, where it is called Malkoha.    WHITE-BELLIED MALKOHA.  (Phænicophæus leucogaster.)  ...  Le Malkoha. Le Vail. Ois. d'Afriq. 5. 90. pl. 224.  MALKOHA leucogaster inhabits Africa   ...   TRICOLOURED MALKOHA.  (Phænicophæus tricolor.)  ...  Le Malkoha rouverdin. Le Vail. Ois. d'Afriq. 5. 92. pl. 225." (Stephens 1815); "Phænicophæus Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 9, pt. 1, 1815, p. 58. Type, Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Pennant.3   ...   3 The type of Phoenicophaus Vieillot, Analyse, 1816, p. 27 is Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Gmelin i.e. Pennant, by monotypy.  Phaenicophaeus Stephens as originally constituted contained three species:— Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Gmelin, i.e. Pennant, Ph. leucogaster Stephens [= Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Pennant], and Ph. tricolor Stephens [= Cuculus curvirostris Shaw].  I cannot find that Phaenicophaeus Stephens has ever had a type designated; I therefore designate Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Gmelin [= Cuculus pyrrhocephalus Pennant] as such." (Peters 1940, IV, 56).
Var. Phaenicophaus, Phoenicophaus, Phoenicophaeus, Phoenicophaes, Phoenicophanes, Phoenicophoeus, Phenicophaus.
Synon. Alectorops, Carpophaga, Dryococcyx, Malcoha, Melias, Poliococcyx, Rhopodytes, Urococcyx.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 19 January 2019).