PHASIANUS

(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Pheasant P. colchicus) L. phasianus  pheasant < Gr. φασιανος phasianos  pheasant. The Phasian birds were first found by the Argonauts on the banks of the River Phasis in Colchis. In ornithology phasis  < Med. L. phasis avis  pheasant, Phasian bird, is frequently used as a substitute for phasianus; "90. PHASIANUS.  Genæ cute nuda lævigata." (Linnaeus 1758); "Phasianus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 158. Type, by tautonymy, Phasianus colchicus Linné. (Phasianus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters 1934, II, 121). Linnaeus's Phasianus comprised five species (P. Gallus, P. Meleagris, P. colchicus, P. pictus, P. nycthemerus). 
Var. Phasiauns.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 11 December 2018).