Philomachus

(syn. Calidris Ϯ Ruff C. pugnax) Gr. φιλομαχος philomakhos  pugnacious, martial  < φιλος philos  loving  < φιλεω phileō  to love; μαχη makhē  combat, battle  < μαχομαι makhomai  to fight; "Hausteufel, Philomachus.  Schnabel walzenförmig, allmählig verdümnt, stumpf. Mittlere und äußere Zehe etwas verbunden.  Tringa pugnax" (Merrem 1804); "Philomachus Anonymous = Merrem, Allg. Lit. Zeitung, 2, no. 168, 8 June, 1804, col. 542. Type, by monotypy, Tringa pugnax Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 288). Male Ruffs gather in leks to dance and fight with one another.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 11 December 2018).