(Rynchopidae; Ϯ Black Skimmer R. niger) Gr. ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; κοπτω koptō  to cut off; "the upper mandible being as if cut" (Pennant 1773);"71. RYNCHOPS.  Rostrum rectum: mandibula superiore multo breviore." (Linnaeus 1758): based on "Cut Water" of Catesby 1731, "Rynchopsalis" of Barrère 1745, and "Plotus rostro conico inæquali" of Klein 1750; "Rynchops Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 138. Type, by monotypy, Rynchops nigra Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 349).  Linnaeus's Rynchops comprised two species (R. nigra, R. fulva). The skimmers use their specialised bills to skim through the water surface for food.
Var. Rhynchops, Rhincops, Rhinchops, Rhynchopsalis, Rhynchopsalia, Rygchopsalia, Rhijncops, Rhyncops.
Synon. Anisoramphos, Phalacrocorax, Psalidoramphos.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 12 December 2018).