SPHENISCUS

(Spheniscidae; Ϯ African Penguin S. demersus) Dim. < Gr. σφην sphēn, σφηνος sphēnos wedge; "Genre du Manchot. (1)    Genus Sphenisci. (1)  ....  (1) Manchot, nom que j'ai donné aux Oiseaux de ce genre à cause de la briéveté de leurs ailes.  ...  (1) Spheniscus, nomen a me hujus generis Avibus inditum" (Brisson 1760): based on Diomedea demersa Linnaeus, 1758, and "Anser Magellanica", "Pinguin" or "Penguin" of various earlier authors; "Spheniscus Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 52; 6, p. 96. Type, by monotypy, "Manchot" et "Manchot tachété" = Diomedea demersa Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 33). From its braying cries the African Penguin was formerly widely known as the Jackass Penguin. 
Synon. Dypsicles, Hyponectes, Molinaea, Penguinus.  
● (syn. Fratercula Ϯ Atlantic Puffin F. arctica) "PAPPEGAAIDUIKER, in 't Latyn Spheniscus.*  De soorten van Duiker en Aarsvoet, by LINNÆUS, Syst. Nat. gesl. 51 & 52." (Moehring 1758).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 11 December 2018).