(Picidae; Ϯ Yellow-bellied Sapsucker S. varius) Gr. σφυρα sphura  hammer, mallet; Late Gr. πικος pikos  woodpecker  < L. picus  woodpecker; "SPHYRAPICUS, Baird.  Pilumnus, BON. Consp. Zygod. Ateneo Italiano, May, 1854. (P. thyroideus.)   ...   The genus Pilumnus, originally established by Bonaparte, is used in the Crustacea, and cannot, of course, be again employed. In supplying a new name, I consider the old Picus varius as the type instead of thyroideus, which may possibly constitute the type of a distinct genus" (Baird 1858). The sapsuckers drills rows of shallow holes in trees for the sap which then exudes.
Var. Sphyropicus, Sphyrocopus (Gr. κοπος kopos  striking).
Synon. Campoborus, Cladoscopus, Pilumnus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 18 December 2018).