TODUS

(Todidae; Ϯ Jamaican Tody T. todus) L. todus  small bird mentioned by Plautus and Festus, not further identified, but linked with the Robin Erithacus, Redstart Phoenicurus and similar small birds by subsequent authors; "Todus. Genus 59.  ...  Le genre du Todier. (1).  ...  Le bec droit, assez long, applati horizontalement & obtus.  ...  (1) Todier, nom formé du nom latin Todus, que Browne a donné à la premiere espece de ce genre" (Brisson 1760): based on "Rubecula viridis" of Sloane 1725, "Sylvia gula phœnicea" of Klein 1750, "Green Sparrow" of Edwards 1751, and ""Todus viridis" or "Tom-Tit" of Browne 1756; "Todus Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 44; 4, p. 528. Type, by tautonymy, Alcedo todus Linné." (Peters 1945, V, 220). The todies comprise one of the few families endemic to the West Indies. In ornithology the genus name is used in combination to distinguish species or groups with flattened, up-turned tody-like bills; "Rostrum mediocre, rectum, latum, tenuiculum, supra infraque planatum, grypanium, lateribus subparallelis, in apicem acutum rotundatis, tomiis maxillaribus pone apicem utrinque emarginatis. Angulus mentalis rotundatus latus" (Illiger 1811).
Var. Todos.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 11 December 2018).