VULTUR

(Cathartidae; Ϯ Andean Condor V. gryphus) L. vultur, vulturis  vulture; "40. VULTUR.  Rostrum rectum, apice aduncum.  Caput impenne, antice nuda cute.  Lingua bifida." (Linnaeus 1758); "Vultur Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 86. Type, by subsequent designation, Vultur gryphus Linné. (Allen, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 24, 1907, p. 11.)1   ...  1 In Science (N. S., 24, 1906, p. 775-776) J. A. Allen showed that the type of Vultur Linné should be V. gryphus, but also showed how that species might be the type of Sarcoramphus and Gryphus; the first valid designation appears to be that given above." (Peters 1931, I, 189). This genus is the first diagnosed in modern avian nomenclature. Linnaeus's Vultur comprised six species (V. Gryphus, V. Harpyja, V. Papa, V. Aura, V. barbatus, V. Perenopterus). The Andean Condor is the largest raptor, soaring effortlessly over the Andean chain.   
Var. Vulcur.   
Synon. Condor, Gryphus, Gypagus, Sarcoramphus.
● (syn. Aegypius Ϯ Eurasian Black Vulture A. monachus) (see Lophogyps).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 16 January 2019).