Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Gr. αμπελις ampelis, αμπελιδος ampelidos  bird mentioned by Aristophanes, not further identified. According to Pennant 1773, Linnaeus used Ampelis (< Gr. αμπελος ampelos  vine), “because the Bohemian chatterer [= Bombycilla garrulus ], the bird he places at the head of this genus, feeds sometimes on grapes.” 
● (syn. Bombycilla Ϯ Bohemian Waxwing B. garrulus) “AMPELIS. In the A. O. U. Check-List Bombycilla is used for the Waxwings, owing to what appears to the Committee to be a wrong determination of the type of the Linnean genus. The original genus Ampelis contains “garrulus” and a number of South American birds now considered to belong to quite distinct families. Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 34) undoubtedly designated Ampelis cotinga as the type, though in the following year, in the next edition (p. 46), he altered this to Ampelis garrulus. An examination of the descriptions and synonyms of the species included in Linnaeus’ original genus shows that there is only one “Ampelis” referred to, and this is the Ampelis of the ‘Fauna Suecica,’ which appears in the Syst. Naturalist as Ampelis garrulus. We may therefore conclude that Linnaeus undoubtedly intended the Waxwing to be the type of his genus” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Coracias Ϯ European Roller C. garrulus) "Ampelis garrula, Roller." (Morris 1837) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).
● (syn. Querula Ϯ Purple-throated Fruitcrow Q. purpurata) "RODZÀY IV. (91.)  JEDWABNIK. AMPELIS.  Piauhou. Fran.  ...  n. p. Muscicapa rubricollis. GL.  Ten rodzáy składà się  z cztérech gatunków, które mieszkaią w Ameryce. Náleżą one do okazałszych i powabnie ubarwionych Ptáków. Opisy jch czytámy w dziełach dawnieyszych przy rodzaiach Muscicapa, Coracias, i Ampelis. Wszystkich ulubionym pkarmem są Owady. Głos maią nie przyiemny, wrzaskliwy." (Jarocki 1821).
● (syn. Xipholena Ϯ Pompadour Cotinga X. punicea) "At 1808 only three of the original species of Ampelis were left in the genus, namely, tersa, carnifex and pompadora. As pompadora was the last one to be provided with a generic resting place, becoming the type of the monotypic genus Xipholena Gloger, 1842, this species necessarily becomes the correct type of Ampelis" (Allen 1908).


(syn. Laniisoma Ϯ Elegant Mourner L. elegans) Portmanteau of genera Collurio Kaup, 1829, shrike, and Ampelis Linnaeus, 1766, cotinga; "V. Pie-grièches Ampélides ou syndactyle.  Genres: Ptilochloris, Sw. (Collurampélis, Less.) - Amér.  - Pachycephala, Sw. - Australie.  - ?Eopsaltria, Sw.  - ?Leiothrix, Sw.  - ?Pteruthius, Sw." (Lesson 1839).


(syn. Spindalis Ϯ Western Spindalis S. zena pretrei) Gr. σπιζα spiza  finch  < σπιζω spizō  to chirp; αμπελις ampelis, αμπελιδος ampelidos  unknown bird; "Tanagra portoricensis.  ...  The species of Tanager generally united under the name of Spindalis form two distinct groups, in the first of which the plumage of the female is somewhat like the male and the bill is much stronger than in the second. This is the type of Spindalis, and contains the species T. nigricephala. In the second the plumage bears no resemblance to that of this male, and the bill is weaker; if the absurd system of forming genera on every little difference is to be adopted this might be called Spizampelis - it contains three species, T. Pretrei, T. zena, and the present bird." (Bryant 1866).   Var. Shizampelis.


(syn. Lipaugus Ϯ Cinnamon-vented Piha L. lanioides) Portmanteau of genera Turdus Linnaeus, 1758, thrush, and Ampelis Linnaeus, 1766, cotinga; "Turdampelis lanioides, Lesson, g. et sp. nov.  L'oiseau qui sert de type à notre nouveau genre est remarquable en ce qu'il a des caractères qui le rapprochent des merles, des piauhaus et des pie-grièches ... Le cotingatourde a presque tous les caractères de notre genre tijuca (chrysopteryx de Swainson), près duquel on devra le placer.  ... C'est un oiseau de transition qui joint au bec d'une pie-grièche et d'un cotinga le plumage de certains merles, et les tarses faibles et grêles des piauhaus" (Lesson 1844).