Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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(Bucconidae; Ϯ Collared Puffbird B. capensis) L. bucca cheek, especially when puffed out  “Brisson styles it Bucco from the fullness of the cheeks, Barbu from its bristles, a sort of beard, from which I form the generical name Barbet” (Pennant 1773); "BUCCO, nom donné à ce genre par Brisson, à cause du renflement de sa mandibule à sa base, de bucca (joue)" (Cuvier 1817) (Bucco was originally applied to the toucans and barbets because of the fullness of their cheeks, but latterly to the puffbirds because, “the disproportionate size of the head is rendered more conspicuous by the bird raising its feathers so as to appear not unlike a puffball” (Newton & Gadow 1896)); "Bucco. Genus 49.  ...  Genus Bucconis (1)  ...  (1) Bucco, nomen a me huic generi impositum a buccarum sive genarum & capitis crassitie.  ...  Le Genre du Barbu (1)  ...  (1) J'ai donné à ce genre le nom de Barbu, à cause des plumes roides & en forme de poils, dont la bâse du bec des especes de ce genre est garnie, & qui forment une espece de barbe" (Brisson 1760); "Bucco Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 42; 4, p. 91, 92. Type, by tautonymy, Bucco Brisson = Bucco capensis Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 11).
Synon. Eutamatia, Tamatia
● (syn. Psilopogon Ϯ Great Barbet P. virens) "BARBU (2), Bucco. (Linn.)  ...  Esp. B. Grandis. - (Atroflavus (Blumenb. T. 65.) ou erytrhonotos [sic] (Cuv.) aussi (Vaill. supp. pl. 57.) - Trogon maculatus; et un grand nombre d'espèces nouvelles.  ...  (2) Toutes les espèces sont des pays chauds de l'ancien continent" (Temminck 1820).
● (syn. Ramphastos Ϯ Red-billed Toucan R. tucanus) "GROOTBEK, TOUCAN, in het Latyn Bucco.  Hy is de Ramphastos van LINN. Syst. Nat. het 38ste geslacht. Braziliaanse Aakster van ALDROVANDUS. Orn. I. p. 398. T. 12. f. 5.  Toucan der Schryveren.§   ...  § Hy is afgebeeld by J. NIEUHOF. Braz. Zee en Landreizen, bl. 29. 30. met den naam van Grootbek, ook by ALBIN, tom. II. pl. 25. by PISO. p. 92. met den naam van Aracari. by EDWARDS. pl. LXIV. en by WILLUGHBY. Tab. XX. met den naam van Pica Brasiliensis" (Moehring 1758).


Mod. L. bucco  barbet  < L. bucca  puffed-out cheek; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs  resembling (Ailuroedus, syn. Lacedo pulchella).


(syn. Ailuroedus Ϯ White-eared Catbird A. buccoides) Portmanteau of specific name Kitta buccoides Temminck, 1835 (cf. genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet (see Bucco ●); genus Kitta Temminck, 1826, catbird); "Ailurœdus buccoides (Temm. & Laugier) differs in colour, is smaller, has a longer weaker bill, more open nostrils, more rounded wings and weaker feet with shorter toes. It constitutes a good subgenus which I name Buccokitta." (Mathews 1926); "Buccokitta Mathews, 1926, Birds Australia, 12 (7), p. 313. Type, by monotypy, Ailurœdus buccoides (Temm. & Laugier) = Kitta buccoides Temminck." (mihi).


(syn. Psilopogon Ϯ Fire-tufted Barbet P. pyrolophus) Portmanteau of genera Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet (see Bucco ●) and Trogon Brisson 1760, trogon; ""5. Buccotrogon torquatus [Kreling 1852] mas. nov. spec." ist: Psilopogon pyrolophus S. Müll.  Rchb. Syst. t. XLV.  Bucco pyrolophus Temm. col. t. 597." (Reichenbach 1854).


(syn. Notharchus Ϯ Greater Pied Puffbird N. tectus) Gr. κρυπτος kruptos  hidden, concealed  < κρυπτω kruptō  to conceal; genus Bucco Brisson, 1769, puffbird; "Also, we propose a new genus of puffbirds, Cryptobucco gen. nov., to accomodate the paraphyly of Notharchus species.  ...  Also, we recovered Notharchus specie as paraphylectic, with the species group of N. tectus (Boddaert, 1783) as sister to the clade containing Hypnelus, Nystactes and other species of Notharchus. One way to resolve this paraphyly would be to include Hypnelus and Nystactes in the genus Notharchus, however, both Nystactes and Hypnelus species are morphologically distinct from any of Notharchus species. Therefore, since the type species of Notharchus is N. hyperrhynchus Sclater, PL, 1856, we propose a new generic name for this group:  Cryptobucco, gen. nov. Ferreira, Aleixo, Bates, Cracraft & Ribas.  Type species: Bucco tectus Boddaert, 1783   Included taxa: Cryptobucco tectus (Boddaert, 1783) , comb. nov.; Cryptobucco picatus (Sclater, PL, 1856), comb. nov.; Cryptobucco subtectus (Sclater, PL, 1860), comb. nov.   Etymology; The genus name Cryptobucco alludes to the fact that this group, first described as Bucco and then placed in Notharchus, represents a hidden diversity inside Bucconidae that was until now concealed due to morphological similarity among species of Notharchus and the new genus. The name is of masculine gender." (Ferreira et al. 2018) (Björn Bergenholtz in litt.).


(syn. Lybius Ϯ Black-breasted Barbet L. rolleti) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet; "1. ERYTHROBUCCO, gen. n.   Distinguished from Pogonorhynchus (type P. dubius) by the smooth base to the lower mandible (so different from the sulcated mandible of P. dubius) and by the less evident tuft of bristles on the chin.   Type Erythrobucco rolleti." (Shelley 1889).


(Capitonidae; Ϯ Lemon-throated Barbet E. richardsoni) Gr. ευ eu  fine, beautiful; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet (see Bucco ●); "*280. Eubucco, Bp. (Capito, p. Gr.)  America m.  6.    1. CAPITO richardsoni, Gray et Mitch. Gen. B. t. 106.  ex Columbia.    2. MICROPOGON hartlaubi, Lafr. 1845. (Capito hartlaubi, Gr.) Rev. et Mag. Zool. 1849. t. 6 - Mus. Lugd. Mas et faem. ex Columbia, S.ta Fe de Bogota.    3. MICROPOGON bourcieri, Lafr. 1845. (Capito bourcieri, Gr.) Rev. et Mag. Zool. 1849. t. 4. - Mus. Lugd. ex Columb.    4. BUCCO elegans, Gm. (maynanensis, Briss. - pictus, Bodd. - Capito maynanensis, Gr.) Pl. enl. 330. - Lev. Barb. t. 34. ex Brasil.    5. BUCCO aurovirens, Cuv. (Capito aurovirens, Gr. ex Bp.) Lev. Barb. t. Suppl. E. ex Brasil.    6. CAPITO aurifrons, Vig. (Capito aurifrons, Gr.) Proc. Zool. Soc. 1832. p. 3. ex Chili." (Bonaparte 1850); "Eubucco Bonaparte, Consp. Av., 1, 1850, p. 142. Type, by subsequent designation, Capito richardsoni G. R. Gray (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 91.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 27).   
Synon. Abelterus.


(Lybiidae; Ϯ Naked -faced Barbet G. calvus) Gr. γυμνος gumnos  bare, naked; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet  (see Bucco ●); "*274. Gymnobucco, Bp. (Bucco, p. Temm.)    Africa occid.  1.   * BUCCO calvus, Mus. Lugd. an Lafresn? (Megalaima calva? Gr.) ex Ashantea.  Long. 6-poll: fuliginoso-cinereus; capite cum genis implume: penicillis setarum rigidarum duobus rufescentium ad rostri latera, duobus hinc inde mandibulae, altero subtus antrorsum verso. Rostrum albidum." (Bonaparte 1850); "Gymnobucco Bonaparte, Consp. Av., 1, 1850, p. 141. Type, by monotypy, Bucco calvus Lafresnaye." (Peters 1948, VI, 41).
Synon. Gymnocranus, Heliobucco, Phalacrobucco.


(syn. Gymnobucco Ϯ Grey-throated Barbet G. bonapartei) Gr. ἡλιος hēlios  sun, east; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet; "3. HELIOBUCCO, gen. n.   The type of this genus is H. bonapartii, which has always been placed with G. calvus in the genus Gymnobucco.  It differs, however, in its feathered crown and feathered ear-coverts." (Shelley 1889).


(syn. Pogoniulus Ϯ Speckled Tinkerbird P. scolopaceus) L. lignum, ligni  wood, tree; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet; "[p. 299] 13. Lignobucco scolopaceus Bp.   ...   [p. 309] 2. Lignobucco consobrinus Rchw. n. sp." (Reichenow 1887). These names are in lists of species collected in the Congo; the first implies that Bonaparte was the author of Lignobucco, but I cannot find any authority for such an assumption. Both Sharpe 1891, XIX, p. 38, and Richmond 1902, p. 692, list Reichenow as the author (although both only quote the later page number, Sharpe incorrectly!).


(syn. Lybius Ϯ Double-toothed Barbet L. bidentatus) L. melas, melanos  black  < Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet; "2. MELANOBUCCO, gen. n.   Wants the dense tufts of bristles which conceals the chin-angle in Pogonorhynchus and Erythrobucco.  Differs from Tricholæma in wanting the hairy plumes on the breast.   Type M. bidentatus (Shaw)." (Shelley 1889).


(syn. Psilopogon Ϯ Blue-eared Barbet P. duvaucelii) Gr. μεσος mesos  middle; genus Bucco Temminck, 1820, barbet; "5. MEZOBUCCO, gen. n.  The type of this genus is M. duvauceli, a species which holds an intermediate position between Cyanops and Xantholæma. The culmen does not exceed the tarsus in length, the bill is pointed, not obtuse, as in Xantholæma, and the genus differs from Cyanops in the great length of the rictal bristles, which reach beyond the tip of the bill" (Shelley 1889).   Var. Mesobucco.


(syn. Pogoniulus Ϯ Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird P. bilineatus) Gr. μικρος mikros  small; Mod. L. bucco  barbet  < L. bucca  puffed-out cheek (see Bucco); "Micropogonius in the third paragraph of p. 221 is also preoccupied in Pisces and may be re-named MICROBUCCO." (A. Roberts 1924); "Microbucco Roberts, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 10, 1924, p. 86. New name for Micropogonius Roberts, supposedly preoccupied.1   ...   1 Although not so stated, apparently Micropogonias Bonaparte, 1831, Pisces, was the name Dr. Roberts had in mind." (Peters 1948, VI, 45).