Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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(‡ syn. Buteo Ϯ Talara Hawk B. hibbardi) L. amplus  large; buteo  hawk, buzzard.


(syn. Buteo Ϯ Rough-legged Buzzard B. lagopus) Gr. αρχων arkhōn  chief  < αρχω arkhō  to rule; genus Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard; "VI.G. Rauchfußbussard, Archibuteo Br.   1) Der plattköpfige Rauchfußbussard, Archib. planiceps Br.   2) Der hochköpfige Rauchfußbussard, Archib. alticeps Br." (Brehm 1828). Var. Archebutio.


(Accipitridae; Ϯ Common Buzzard B. buteo) Specific name Falco buteo Linnaeus, 1758. "BUSE, Buteo.  Bec, tête et base du bec des Éperviers; ailes des Aigles; tarse gros et court." (de Lacépède 1799); "Buteo Lacépède, Tabl. Ois., 1799, p. 4. Type, by tautonymy, Falco buteo Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 228).
Synon. AmplibuteoArchibuteo, Asturina, Asturisca, Brewsteria, Butaetes, Butaquila, Buteaetos, Buteola, Cerchne, Circobuteo, Coryornis, Craxirex, Dromolestes, Hemiaetus, Limnaetus, Limnosalus, Onychotes, Poecilopternis, Praedo, Pterolestes, Triorchis.


L. buteo, buteonis  buzzard; ex “Buteo vulgaris” of Gessner 1555, and Willughby 1678, and “Common Buzzard” or “Puttock” of Ray 1713 (Buteo).


(Accipitridae; Ϯ Rufous Crab Hawk B. aequinoctialis) Compound of genera Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard, and Gallus Brisson, 1766, fowl (e.g. turkey); "III.e Sous-genre. BUSON; Buteogallus.   Bec long, d'abord droit, à bords renflés pour simuler une dent; mandibule inférieure échancrée au bout; face nue; narines ouvertes, petites, arrondies, dorsales; bec comprimé sur les côtés; ailes concaves, n'atteignant que le milieu de la queue; celle-ci rectiligne, courte; tarses assez longs, emplumés jusqu'au genou seulement, squameux en avant, réticulés sur les côtés et en arrière; tête petite, corps lourd et massif.   BUSON CATHARTOÏDE; Buteogallus cathartoides.   Falco buson, Lath., Shaw; le Buson, Levaill., Afriq., pl. 21; Caracara buson, Vieill., Encycl., t. III, p. 1182.  ...  Le buson habite la Guiane (Mus. de Paris; M. Leblond), et le Paraguay, suivant d'Azara, qui le nomme gavilan de estero rozo obscuro." (Lesson 1830); "Buteogallus Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 2, 1830, p. 83. Type, by monotypy, Buteogallus cathartoides Lesson = Falco æquinoctialis Gmelin." (Peters 1931, 1, 244).  The Rufous Crab Hawk, by reason of its bare face, short tail, small head, heavy body, and long reticulated legs, was considered to resemble the Turkey Vulture.   
Synon. Alectromorphnus, Amadonastur, Harpyhaliaetus, Heterospizias, Hypomorphnus, Miraquila, Plangus, Spizageranus, Urubitinga, Urubitornis, Wetmoregyps.


● L. buteo, buteonis  buzzard; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs  resembling (subsp. Accipiter gentilis, syn. Aviceda cuculoides).
● Specific name Falco buteo Linnaeus, 1758; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs  resembling (syn. Buteo lineatus).


(syn. Buteo Ϯ Short-tailed Hawk B. brachyurus) Dim. < genus Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard; "Buteo brachyurus, Vieill., est le type du genre butéonien Buteola Dubus." (Bonaparte 1855).


L. buteo, buteonis  buzzard; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs  resembling (syn. Leptodon cayanensis).


(?syn. Butastur Ϯ White-eyed Buzzard B. teesa) Compound of genera Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard, and Pernis Cuvier, 1816, honey buzzard; "Buteidæ { Buteopernis, Ictinia, Buteo, Circus, Serpentarius, Bacha, Polyborus." (Jameson 1840).


L. buteo, buteonis  buzzard; similis  resembling.


(syn. Buteo Ϯ Himalayan Buzzard B. refectus) Portmanteau of genera Circus de Lacépède, 1799, harrier, and Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard; "It was this species [Buteo pygmaeus Blyth = syn. Butastur indicus], and not B. plumipes, that I stated to be osculant between Circus and Buteo* - though, as a matter of fact, Hodgson names B. plumipes Circobuteo in his MSS.  ... * Vide Hume's 'Scrap-book,' p. 285. ["THE HARRIER BUZZARD.  ... Dr Jerdon, quoting, I suppose, though he does not say so, from Mr Hodgson, (for he had never seen the bird,) remarks, that this is certainly an osculant form, having the bill and wings of a Circus, with the short feet of a Buzzard, but Mr Blyth, more correctly, I think, demurs to any such osculant form" (Hume 1870)]" (Jerdon 1871).


(Accipitridae; Ϯ Harris's Hawk P. unicinctus harrisi) Gr. παρα para  near; genus Buteo de Lacépède, 1799, buzzard; "GENUS ANTENOR, Ridgway  ...  (Type, Falco harrisi, AUD.)  ...  This genus includes a single species, the P. unicinctus, with its two climatic races, unicinctus of South America and harrisi of Middle America. It is most nearly related to the genus Urubitinga, of tropical America, the species of which are sluggish and almost Caracara-like in their habits, though they are hardly more so than our own Buteones  ...  Parabuteo unicinctus, var. harrisi (RIDGWAY).  HARRIS'S BUZZARD.  ...  He [Dresser] describes it as a heavy, sluggish bird, seldom seen on the wing, and subsisting, so far as he could see, entirely on carrion. All along the road from Brownsville to San Antonio, he noticed it either perched on some tree by the roadside, or busy, in company with Vultures and Caracaras, regaling on some offensive carrion." (Ridgway 1874); "Parabuteo Ridgway, in Baird, Brewer and Ridgway, Hist. No. Am. Bds., 3, 1874, p. 250. Type, by monotypy, Buteo harrisi Audubon." (Peters 1931, 1, 240). This raptor, now widely used in falconry, was formerly known as Bay-winged Hawk.  
Synon. Antenor, Erythrocnema, Percnohierax.