Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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CARPODECTES

(Cotingidae; Ϯ Snowy Cotinga C. nitidus) Gr. καρπος karpos  fruit; δηκτης dēktēs  biter  < δακνω daknō  to bite; "12. CARPODECTES NITIDUS, gen. et sp. n.   Carpodectes genus novum ex familia Cotingidarum, affinis generi Ampelioni ex America meridionali.  Rostrum robustum, altum, paulo brevius quam dimidium capitis, culmine alto, versus apicem mandibulæ superioris a fronte gradatim decurvante: nares patulæ, depressæ: alæ longæ, rotundatæ, remigibus tertio, quarto et quinto fere æqualibus, sexto breviore quam secundus, primo longiore quam reliqui: cauda brevis: tarsi et pedes robusti, illorum phalangibus primis externe paulo conjunctis.   Typus CARPODECTES NITIDUS, sp. n. et spec. unicum!   ...   A very distinct and remarkable bird, differing considerably from its nearest allies in the genus Ampelion, the most obvious distinctions being the strong beak and long wings of Carpodectes.  ...  The development of white, so remarkable in the plumage of the present bird, is not unusual in other members of the family; we find it in Chasmorhynchus, in the wings and tail of Xipholena lamellipennis, and in the wings of X. atropurpurea and X. pompadora." (Salvin 1865).