Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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GEOSITTA

(Furnariidae; Ϯ Common Miner G. cunicularia) Gr. γεω- geō-  ground-  < γη gē  earth; genus Sitta Linnaeus, 1758, nuthatch; "129. GEOSITTA anthoïdes.  ...  Inhabits Chili." (Swainson 1837 (Anim. in Menag.)); "GEOSITTA, Sw.  (fig. 283.)   Bill longer than the head, trigonal at the base, cylindrical beyond. Culmen rounded. The tip of the upper mandible entire, broader than high, and slightly bent over the lower. Wings long, pointed; the first quill nearly equal to the second and third, which are longest; tertials lengthened. Tail slightly forked. Feet slender. Anterior toes rather short; the lateral ones unequal, the claws small; hind toe as long as the middle toe, but shorter than the tarsus; the claw much lengthened, and slightly curved.  Chili.   G. anthoïdes.  Part 5. No. 129." (Swainson 1837 (Classif. Bds.)); "Geositta Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, 1837, p. 317, fig. 283. Type, by monotypy, Geositta anthoides, Part 5, No. 129 = Alauda fissirostris Kittlitz." (Peters 1951, VII, 58). The terrestrial Common Miner was classified with the nuthatches, subfamily Sittinae, by Swainson 1837, because of its straight bill, short tail, and long hind-toe with a curved, lengthened claw.  
Var. Geocitta.
Synon. Geobamon, Geobates.