Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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(Pipridae; Ϯ Pin-tailed Manakin I. militaris) Gr. ἱληκω hilēkō  to be gracious (cf. Botanical genus Ilex Linnaeus, 1754, holly (with ref. to the sharp spines on the leaves)  < L. ilex, ilicis  holm oak; Gr. ἑλιξ helix, ἑλικος helikos lock of hair, curl, tendril; “Presumed derivation ηλιξ [equal]” (P. Sclater 1888)); ουρα oura  tail.  We will never know Reichenbach's 1850 thoughts behind the generic tag, although his plate LXIII, labelled Motac. Parinae: Piprinae, shows the distinctive double-pinned tail-feathers of this manakin; "Ilicura Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Syst. Nat., pl. 63. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds, p. 55), Pipra militaris Shaw and Nodder." (Snow in Peters 1979, VIII, 266).
Var. Heilicura, Helicura, Hicura, Hilicura, Jlicura.