Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Gen. José Ballivián y Segurola (1804-1852) Bolivian Army, statesman, President 1841-1847 (Odontophorus).

boliviae / boliviana / bolivianum / bolivianus / boliviensis

Bolivia (named after Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) "The Liberator", Venezuelan revolutionary, who helped to expel the Spaniards from their South American empire).


(syn. Columba Ϯ Rock Dove C. livia) Specific name Columba livia J. Gmelin, 1789; "Livie biset . . .Livia vulgaris" (des Murs 1854).


Med. L. livia  rock dove. Gaza’s 1476 translation of Gr. πελεια peleia  dove, thought to be from πελλος pellos  dark-coloured; “named from its livid colour” (Turner 1544)  < L. livens, liventis  lead-coloured  < livere to be bluish; ex “Biset” of Brisson 1760, d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl.  510, and de Buffon 1770-1783. The Rock Dove is the ancestor of modern domestic and feral pigeons (Columba).


● Lady Olive Archer (fl. 1918) wife of British ornithologist Sir Geoffrey Archer (Columba).
● Female eponym; dedications not given (Alexander 1908), but probably for Olive MacLeod (1886-1936) Scottish explorer and fiancée of explorer Capt. Boyd Alexander (d. 1910) (syn. Erythropygia galactotes minor, syn. Sylvietta brachyura carnapi).