Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Amoromyza

(syn. Gymnomyza Ϯ Mao G. samoensis) Gr. αμορος amoros unlucky < αμοιρεω amoireō to have no share in; genus Myza Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1895, myza. “In 1885 ...  Stejneger introduced the generic name Leptomyza in combination with the species ‘Leptomyza aubryana ’. As Leptornis, the name previously used for the genus was preoccupied, it was assumed that Leptomyza was a substitute name for Leptornis  ...  The author’s act, however, as opposed to his intention, was to propose a new genus for the species aubryana. This detail was of little importance until 1914 when Professor Reichenow subdivided the genus Leptomyza, restricting this name to the species samoensis and viridis, while the new name Gymnomyza was proposed for aubryana alone. The case works out thus: Leptornis Hombron & Jacquinot, 1845? (type Merops samoensis Hombron & Jacquinot) proves to be preoccupied; Leptomyza Stejneger, 1885 (type Leptornis aubryana Verreaux & Des Murs) is also preoccupied; Gymnomyza Reichenow, 1914 (type aubryana) is apparently the earliest available name for either group, leaving the genus represented by samoensis and viridis without a name. For this I propose Amoromyza (type, Merops samoensis Hombron & Jacquinot).” (Richmond 1917).

Gummyza

(syn. Gymnomyza Ϯ Mao G. samoensis) Med. L. gumma  gum  < L. gummi  gum (cf. Gr. γυμνος gumnos  bare); genus Myza Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1895, myza; "Gummyza, gen. nov., differs from Leptomyza in not having the flat pouch on the opening of the ear.  Type, Merops samoensis Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841." (Mathews 1925) (see Magumma).

GYMNOMYZA

(Meliphagidae; Ϯ Crow Honeyeater G. aubryana) Gr. γυμνος gumnos  bare, naked; genus Myza Meyer & Wiglesworth, 1895, myza; "le tour de l'œil en partie dénudé, sauf en arrière, où les plumes de la paupière relient celles de la tête; une autre nudité, partant du dessous de l'œil, s'étend sur le côté de la tête, en dessus et en avant de la région parotique" (J. Verreaux & des Murs 1860) (see Dreptes). 
Synon. Amoromyza, Gummyza, Leptomyza, Leptornis.

Leptomyza

(syn. Gymnomyza Ϯ Crow Honeyeater G. aubryana) Gr. λεπτος leptos  delicate, slender; Mod. L. myza  honeysucker  < Gr. μυζαω muzaō  to suck; "In regard to another honey-eater of the same island, Leptomyza aubryana, they [Layard & Layard] make the very interesting remark that they found one specimen which "had the throat covered with yellow pollen; this we have also found on Gliciphilæ and Myzomela, and we doubt not some of the large, lofty, flowering trees are fertilized by such agency, as insects are very scarce here [New Caledonia]"" (Stejneger 1885); "Leptomyza Stejneger, 1885, Stand. Nat. Hist., 4, p. 535. Type, by monotypy, Leptornis Aubryanus Verreaux and Des Murs. Not Leptomyza Macquart, 1835 (Insecta)." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 423).

Melomyza

(syn. Myzomela Ϯ Dusky Myzomela M. obscura) Anagram of genus Myzomela Vigors & Horsfield, 1827, myzomela; "MELOMYZA, gen. nov.  Differs from Cissomela in having the 2nd primary much shorter than the 3rd.  Type, Myzomela obscura Gould" (Mathews 1913).

MYZA

(Meliphagidae; Ϯ White-eared Myza M. sarasinorum) Gr. μυζαω muzaō  to suck; "Myza n. g. Meliphagidarum.  (μυζαω = sugere.)  Rostro longiore quam capite (sicut in genere Myzomelae), sed non serrato, culmine acuto (acutiore quam in Meliphagidarum generibus aliis, excepto genere Melilestes); macula post oculos nuda; cauda paene alarum longitudine, rectricibus duodecim, gradatis, acutis (sicut in generibus Melipotes et Pogonornis).   73. Myza sarasinorum n. sp.  ...  Hab. Insula Celébes septentrionali, in montibus Matinang.  Nach ihren äusseren Charakteren steht die Gattung Myza zwischen den Myzomelinen und Meliphaginen, der Schnabel gleicht dem von Myzomela, ist aber nicht gezähnt, die Schneiden des Oberschnabels sind in der Endhälfte etwas nach innen aufgerollt und nahe der Spitze befindet sich ein kleiner Zahn. Flügel und Schwanz gleichen denen von Melipotes  ...  die Schäfte der Schwungfedern, mit Ausnahme der 2 ersten, enden in einer kleinen dornartigen nackten Spitze, wie bei Melipotes, Leptornis u.a. Ein Hauptcharakteristicum der Gattung ist aber die nackte Haut hinter den Augen; hierdurch nähert sie sich Xanthotis, Melipotes und Melirrhophetes, allein bei diesen geht die nackte Haut rings um das Auge, bei Myza beschränkt sie sich auf die Gegend hinter dem Auge." (Meyer & Wiglesworth 1895).
Synon. Orodytes.

Myzantha

Gr. μυζαω muzaō  to suck; ανθος anthos bloom, flower. 
● (syn. Manorina Ϯ Noisy Miner M. melanocephala) "Genus. MYZANTHA *.  ...  This group approaches very nearly to the shorter- and stronger-billed birds of Meliphaga, such as M. auricomis, Lath.; but the bill is considerably stouter at the base and less arcuated. The nares also are not so linear, but become slightly oval towards the anterior part. The space round the eye is naked. We are assured that the tongue of the first species is bristly towards the point: and indeed the general character of the group accords exactly with that of the Meliphagidæ in general.   1. GARRULA.  ...  Merops garrulus. Lath. Ind. Orn. Supp. p. xxiv. no. 9.  Chattering Honey-Eater. Id. Gen. Hist. iv. p. 164. no. 9.  "The native name of this bird," observes Mr. Caley, "is Cobay'gin"  ...   2. FLAVIROSTRIS.  ...  Mr. Caley thus observes on this bird.-- "Dell-bird or Bell-bird. So called by the colonists"   ...   *Mυζαω sugo, and ανθος flos." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Myzantha Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, p. 318. Type, by subsequent designation (Lesson, 1828, Manuel Orn., 2, p. 67), Merops garrulus Latham = Gracula melanocephala Latham. Not Myzantha Lesson, 1830 (Meliphagidae)." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 439).   Var. Mysantha.
● (syn. Xanthotis Ϯ Tawny-breasted Honeyeater X. flaviventer) "§. 3. MYZANTHES; Myzantha, Angl.   Bec robuste, épais, à bords rentrés, à narines ovales; tour des yeux nu; ailes amples, les troisième à sixième rémiges les plus longues. Queue longue, arrondie, ayant dix rectrices; tarses robustes, scutellés.  PHILÉDON A OREILLONS JAUNES; Philedon chrysotis, Less., Zool. de la Coq., pl. 21 bis.  De la Nouvelle-Guinée." (Lesson 1830); "Myzantha Lesson, 1830, Traité Orn., 1831, p. 302. Type, by monotypy, Philedon chrysotis Lesson and Garnot = Myzantha flaviventer Lesson. Not Myzantha Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 (Meliphagidae)." (Salomonsen in Peters 1967, XII, 364).

Myzanthe

(syn. Dicaeum Ϯ Mistletoebird D. hirundinaceum) Gr. μυζαω muzaō  to suck; ανθος anthos  flower; "Certain species with shorter bills constitute Mr. Hodgson's division Myzanthe, of which the Australian D. hirundinaceum is characteristic.  Allied to that species is  M. ignipectus, Hodgson.  ...  Inhabits Nepal and Bootan." (Blyth 1843).

Oreomyza

(syn. Oreomystis Ϯ Akikiki O. bairdi) Gr. ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain (i.e. mountains of Kauai, Hawaiian Is.); Mod. L. myza  honeysucker  < Gr. μυζαω muzaō  to suck; "OREOMYZA, gen. nov.  (ορειος = montanus; μυζεω = sugo.)  ...  Type. - Oreomyza bairdi STEJNEGER.  ...  The two birds which Mr. Knudsen collected in the mountains of Kauai, and which he states to be male and female, are evidently adults, as no trace of immaturity can be discovered" (Stejneger 1887).

PAROREOMYZA

(Fringillidae; Ϯ Oahu Alauahio P. maculata) Gr. παρ par  near; genus Oreomyza Stejneger, 1887, akikiki; "Table of Genera of Drepanididæ  ...  DIVISION II.  ...  11 (12). Nasal setæ or setiform feathers entirely absent, or at least very short and little developed, not able to shield the nasal openings. (Sexual coloration of adults markedly different.) . . . Paroreomyza *, subgen. nov.: type Oreomyza maculata.  ...  *Herein I place also the other three species with sexual dimorphism." (Perkins 1901).