Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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PYROCEPHALUS

(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Common Vermilion Flycatcher P. rubinus) Gr. πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; κεφαλη kephalē  head; "SUB-GEN. PYROCEPHALUS, GOULD.   ...   the males of nearly all the members of this group (which may be considered either as a distinct genus or sub-genus of Myiobius), have the crown of the head and greater part of the under surface scarlet. Four species were obtained. — Pyrocephalus parvirostris, (Gould), and Muscicapa coronata, (Auct.), may be taken as types" (Gould 1839); "Pyrocephalus Gould, 1839, in Darwin, Zool. Beagle, pt. 3 (1841), p. 44. Type, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 30), "P. coronatus (L) Gould" = Pyrocephalus major Pelzeln." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 149-150); "344. Pyrocephalus rubinus  ...  Birds from SE Peru (Huiro and Chaquimayo) described as race major, but validity has repeatedly been questioned; breeding grounds of this purported race unknown." (del Hoyo & Collar 2016, 198).

pyrocephalus

Gr. πυρ pur, πυρος puros  fire; -κεφαλος -kephalos -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.