Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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(Thraupidae; Ϯ Red-crested Cardinal P. coronata) Tupí name Tiéguacú paroára for a small yellow, red and grey bird; "19. Paroaria, Nob. (typ. Fringilla cucullata, Vieill.)  Am. m." (Bonaparte 1832); "Paroaria Bonaparte, 1831, Giorn. Arcad. Sci. Lett. Arti [Rome], 52, p. 206. Type, by original designation, Fringilla cucullata Vieillot = Loxia coronata Miller." (Paynter in Peters 1970, XIII, 212).  De Buffon 1770-1783, selected 'Paroare' from the autochthonym Tije guacu paroara (mentioned by Marcgrave) because, where possible, he preferred to retain local names. Brisson 1760, had given the Red-cowled Cardinal P. dominicana the name “Cardinal Dominiquain,” in allusion to its red head and black and white plumage.
Var. Paroria.
Synon. Calyptrophorus, Coccopsis.