Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Myioscopus

(syn. Petroica Ϯ North Island Robin P. longipes) Gr. μυια muia, μυιας muias  fly; σκοπος skopos  watcher  < σκοπεω skopeō  to spy out; Reichenbach's 1850, plate LXVII, shows the heavily-bristled toothed bill typical of flycatchers.

OREOSCOPUS

(Acanthizidae; Ϯ Fernwren O. gutturalis) Gr. ορος oros, ορεος oreos  mountain (i.e. north-eastern highlands of Queensland, Australia); σκοπος skopos  watcher, guardian  < σκοπεω skopeō  to spy out; "Oreoscopus, gen. nGeneric Characters.-- Bill long, straight, wide at base, equal in length from gape to tip, to length of head. Wing concave, rounded, and exceeding by one-fourth the length of the tail; the wing-formula similar to that of Sericornis. Tail slightly wedge-shaped at the end, feathers broad, the lateral ones with broad outer webs. Tarsus moderate, equal in length to the middle toe with claw, the lower three scutes very distinct.  Type.-- Sericornis gutturalis, De Vis, Proc. Roy. Soc., Queensland, vol. vi., p. 244 (1889)  ...  Mr. C. W. De Vis, M.A., from a single example, described a bird that inhabits the scrubs of the Herberton tablelands, also the higher peaks of the Bellender Ker Range in North-eastern Queensland  ...  Vernacularly, this species of insectivorous bird may be distinguished under the name of the Fern Wren" (North 1905) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz). The Fernwren was formerly treated as a mouse warbler Crateroscelis.

PHYLLOSCOPUS

(Phylloscopidae; Ϯ Willow Warbler P. trochilus) Gr. φυλλον phullon  leaf; σκοπος skopos  seeker  < σκοπεω skopeō  to examine; "VI. Fam. Sylviadae Vigors. ...  Phylloscopus: Sylv. trochilus Lath. u.v.a.   ...   1 Von der Lebensweise dieser Vögel weiß man so viel, daß sie blühende Gewächse aufsuchen und vom Blumensaste, gewiß auch von Insecten leben. Von den Trochiliden unterscheiden sie sich hauptsächlich durch die Bildung des Schwanzes, der überhaupt schwächer, und die größere Länge der Schwungfedern, wovon man auf einen ganz verschiedenen Flug schließen darf." (Boie 1826).
Var. Blythoscopus.
Synon. Abrornis, Acanthopneuste, Asilus, Cryptigata, Cryptolopha, Cuculis, Culicipeta, Fanissa, Ficaria, Herbivocula, Mochthopoeus, Neornis, Oreopneuste, Phaeorhadina, Philomela, Phyllobasileus, Phyllopneuste, Pindalus, Pycnosphrys, Reguloides, Rhadina, Seicercus, Sibilatrix, Solifer, Sylvicola, Trocheligone, Trochilus, Zelica.

SCOPUS

(Scopidae; Ϯ Hamerkop S. umbretta) Gr. σκια skia  shade, shadow; "Genus Scopi (1)  Le genre de l'Ombrette.(1)  ...  (1) Scopus a σκια, id est, umbra: ab umbræ; unde nomen.  ...  (1) Ombrette. Je l'ai ainsi nommée, à cause de la couleur d'ombre, dont toutes ses plumes sont teintes" (Brisson 1760); “Scopus of Brisson  ...  he calls it Scopus  ...  a shade, and Ombrette from the general deep brown of its plumage” (Pennant 1773); "Scopus Briss. Gm. (umbretta Gm)  ...  Obs. nomen bene formatum: σκοπος, speculator" (Sundevall 1873) (Gr. σκοπος skopos  watcher, guardian  < σκοπεω skopeō  to spy out); "Scopus Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 48; 5, 1760, p. 503. Type, by monotypy, Scopus = Scopus umbretta Gmelin." (Peters 1931, 1, 126).
Synon. Cepphus, Scops, Umbretta.

scopus

Genus Scopus Brisson 1760, hammerkop.

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