Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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STIGMATURA

(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Greater Wagtail Tyrant S. budytoides) Gr. στιγμα stigma, στιγματος stigmatos  spot  < στιζω stizō  to tattoo; ουρα oura  tail; "104. STIGMATURA BUDYTOIDES.   ...   The characters of the genus Stigmatura, as we propose to call this form, consist (1) in the very short wings, the longest primaries (third and fourth) hardly exceeding the longest secondaries; (2) in the very long tail, formed by graduated feathers (much as in Anæretes agilis); and (3) in the long strong tarsi and short hind claw.  Anæretes agilis has similar tarsi, but the hind claw is much stronger and longer.  Stigmatura is further remarkable for the black and white banded tail, which is unlike anything in the whole group of Tyrannidæ; it is very different in style of coloration to Anæretes, and in this respect comes nearer to Hapalocercus." (P. Sclater & Salvin 1866); "Stigmatura Sclater and Salvin, 1866, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 188. Type, by monotypy, Culicivora budytoides d'Orbigny and Lafresnaye." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 44).

stigmatura

Gr. στιγμα stigma, στιγματος stigmatos  spot  < στιζω stizō  to tattoo;
-ουρος -ouros  -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.