Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Pachystruthio

‡ (syn. Struthio Ϯ Crimean Ostrich S. chersonensis) Gr. παχυς pakhus  thick, stout; genus Struthio Linnaeus, 1758, ostrich.  A replacement name for Struthiolithus, considered inapplicable because it was based on egg-shell fragments.

Palaeostruthio

‡ (syn. Struthio Ϯ Giant Ostrich S. sternatus) Gr. παλαιος palaios  old, ancient; genus Struthio Linnaeus, 1758, ostrich.

STRUTHIO

(Struthionidae; Ϯ Common Ostrich S. camelus) L. struthiocamelus ostrich (“camel bird,” because of its size and cursorial habits)  < Gr. στρουθοκαμηλος strouthokamēlos or στρουθος strouthos (the latter usually applied to small, sparrow-like birds, but here used in the sense of THE (great) bird) (L. passer marinus (often abbreviated to passer) ostrich (because it was imported by sea)) (cf. Late L. struthio or struthius  ostrich); "86. STRUTHIO.  Rostrum conicum.  Alæ ad volandum ineptæ." (Linnaeus 1758); "Struthio Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 155. Type, by subsequent designation, Struthio camelus Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 63.)" (Peters 1931, I, 3).  Linnaeus's Struthio comprised four species (S. Camelus, S. Casuarius, S. americanus, S. cucullatus). The Common or African Ostrich formerly occurred in the deserts of Arabia and the Middle East, but has not been seen there since 1940.
Synon. Megaloscelornis, Pachystruthio, Palaeostruthio, Struthiolithus.

struthio

Late L. struthio, struthionis  ostrich or any large bird  < L. struthiocamelus  ostrich  < Gr. στρουθοκαμηλος strouthokamēlos  ostrich.

Struthiolithus

‡ (syn. Struthio Ϯ Crimean Ostrich S. chersonensis) Genus Struthio Linnaeus, 1758, ostrich; Gr. λιθος lithos  stone; "Da, wie oben erwähnt, die Beschaffenheit des Eies mit grosser Wahrscheinlichkeit auf einen straussartigen Vogel schliessen lässt, so schlage ich vor, das Ei, resp. den dazu gehörigen, unbekannten Vogel, Struthiolithus chersonensis zu nennen." (von Brandt 1873).