Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Rhynchothraupis

(syn. Conothraupis Ϯ Cone-billed Tanager C. mesoleuca) Gr. ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; θραυπις thraupis  unknown small bird, perhaps some sort of finch. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager; "I feel it more convenient actually to consider this bird, of which unfortunately a single specimen was secured, as a new generic type, RHYNCHOTHRAUPIS, gen. nov., with no near ally and a somewhat doubtful systematic position, its bill being more icterine in shape than tanagrine or fringilline; but its weaker feet, its plumage, general appearance, and pattern are closest to those of the Tanagers. It differs from most of the South American Tanagers and Finches by stouter bill (somewhat intermediate in shape between Arremon and Dolichonyx, and even comparatively larger, considering the size of the bird), with the base of the culmen and the mesorhinium flattened instead of being ridged, and the interramal space of the mandible more shortly rounded in front.  ... Rhynchothraupis mesoleuca, sp. nov." (Berlioz 1939).

SPORATHRAUPIS

(Thraupidae; Ϯ Blue-capped Tanager S. cyanocephala) Gr. σπορα spora  seed, offspring (i.e. illegitimate)  < σπειρω speirō  to sow; genus Thraupis Boie, 1826, tanager; "In my paper describing new genera, etc., of Fringillidæ and Tanagridæ in the July Auk, I inadvertently gave the generic name Hemithraupis to a genus of Tanagers, with Aglaia cyanocephala Lafr. & D'Orb. as type, forgetting at the time that the same name had been given by Cabanis in 1851 to the group having Hylophilus ruficeps Max. as type (cf. Mus. Hein. I, p. 21); a strange oversight, since I have of course been long aware of the fact and have the genus elaborate under that name in my manuscript. The genus which I have separated as Hemithraupis with Aglaia cyanocephala as type requiring a new name, I therefore propose Sporathraupis (σπορα = spuriusδραυπισ [sic], nom. prop.)" (Ridgway 1898).
Var. Sporothraupis.

Thraupis

(syn. Tangara Ϯ Golden-chevroned Tanager T. ornata) Gr. θραυπις thraupis  unidentified small bird, perhaps some kind of finch, mentioned by Aristotle. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager. "XII. Fam. Tangaridae.  Tanagra Lin.  ...  Thraupis: Tan. archiepiscopus Desm. u. s. w." (Boie 1826); "Thraupis Boie, 1826, Isis von Oken, col. 974. Type, by virtual monotypy, Tanagra archiepiscopus Desmarest = Tanagra ornata Sparrman." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 318).  Var. Thrapis.

TRICHOTHRAUPIS

(Thraupidae; Ϯ Black-goggled Tanager T. melanops) Gr. θριξ thrix, τριχος trikhos  hair; genus Thraupis Boie, 1826, tanager; "Gen. TRICHOTHRAUPIS nov. gen. *) Haar-Tangara.  154. 1. T. quadricolor Nob. -- Azara Apunt. No. 101. (Mas.) -- Tachyphonus quadricolor Vieill. Encycl. p. 803. -- Tanagra auricapilla Spix. Av. Bras. II. tab. 52. -- Tachyphonus Suchii Sws. -- Muscicapa galeata Licht. -- Lindo brun et roux Azar. No. 100! (Fem!)  ...  *) Von θριξ, Haar und Thraupis.  Mitteninne zwischen Tachyphonus und Pogonothraupis jedoch der letzteren schon durch die merklich entwickelten Bartborsten näher verwandt, unterscheidet sich die Gattung schon genügend durch den kürzeren, an der Basis breiteren, seitlich weniger zusammengedrückten Schnabel mit geradrandigen scharfen Kiefererschneiden. Im Nacken zeigen sich Haarfedern. Als 2te Art gehört hierher: Trich. albicollis Nob. Pyranga albicollis Orb. Lafr. Voy. Amer. Ois. tab. 26. fig. 2." (Cabanis 1853); "Trichothraupis Cabanis, 1850, Mus. Heineanum, 1 (1851), p. 23. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds, p. 72), Tachyphonus 4-color [= quadricolor] Vieillot = Muscicapa melanops Vieillot." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 295).
Var. Trichotraupis.

UROTHRAUPIS

(Thraupidae: Ϯ Stolzmann's Tanager U. stolzmanni) Gr. ουρα oura  tail; θραυπις thraupis  unidentified small bird, probably a type of finch. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager; "UROTHRAUPIS, gen. n.  Rostrum breve, compressum, culmine arcuato, tomiis maxillæ apice emarginatis; pedes robusti; alæ longiusculæ, remige 4a longissima, 3a et 5a æqualibus, quarta parum brevioribus; cauda longiuscula, rectricibus latis subacuminatis, apice rotundata.   76. UROTHRAUPIS STOLZMANNI, sp. n." (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch 1885). This species is also known as Black-backed Bush Tanager.

WETMORETHRAUPIS

(Thraupidae; Ϯ Orange-throated Tanager W. sterrhopteron) Dr Frank Alexander Wetmore (1886-1978) US ornithologist, systematist, collector; Gr. θραυπις thraupis unknown small bird, perhaps some sort of finch. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager. "This new tanager, although strikingly distinct (see Frontispiece), is apparently related to the members of the complex of genera that includes Thraupis, Buthraupis, Bangsia, Poecilothraupis, Compsocoma, and Iridisornis. However, it differs so markedly in a number of sharply defined characters from any existing genus that, in addition to representing a new species, it must also be described as a member of a new genus.  Wetmorethraupis gen. nov.  Type-species. -- Wetmorethraupis sterrhopteron Lowery and O'Neill.  Diagnosis. -- A medium-sized thraupid with feathers of malar region, lower chin, and throat stiff and almost bristly, with a waxy appearance; wing long but tail and tarsus short (wing more than 1½ times as long as tail and nearly 5 times as long as the tarsus); bill large (length of exposed culmen more than 2/3 the length of the tarsus), broad and deep basally (width and height at base of exposed culmen almost equal), and with exposed culmen equal to middle toe without claw; culmen strongly convex throughout its length and with tip decidedly uncinate and with a distinct subterminal notch; maxilla slightly sulcate; maxillary tomium almost straight and without median "tooth"; gonys ascending but not conspicuously so  ... We take great pleasure in naming this new genus of tanager for Dr. Alexander Wetmore in recognition of his many outstanding contributions to ornithology, ranging from the classification and systematics of both recent and fossil birds to such diverse facets of the subject as bird migration and pterylosis." (Lowery & O'Neill 1964).

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