Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Crowned Slaty Flycatcher G. aurantioatrocristatus) Med. L. griseum  grey; genus Tyrannus de Lacépède, 1799, kingbird; "GRISEOTYRANNUS, NEW GENUS   TYPE SPECIES: T(yrannus) aurantio-atrocristatus D'Orbigny and Lafresnaye 1837   ...  ETYMOLOGY: The Latin adjective griseus, pertaining to the smoky-gray or sooty plumage below, in combination with tyrannus, meaning tyrant or ruler as well as the generic name for the kingbirds, to which there is close affinity" (Lanyon 1984). The Crowned Slaty Flycatcher is the possessor of the longest binomen in current avian nomenclature.


(Tyrannidae; Ϯ Eastern Kingbird T. tyrannus) Based on "Le Tyran.    Tyrannus" of Brisson 1760: "Tandis que la femelle couve, le mâle chasse d'auprès de son nid tous les Oiseaux; même les Faucons & les Aigles." (see tyrannus ●); "NEUVIÈME ORDRE.  Bec échancré.   24. PIE-GRIÈCHE. Lanius.   ...   25.TYRAN. Tyrannus. {Le bec long, droit, et garni de soies à sa base.    26. GOBE-MOUCHE. Muscicapa.   ...   27. MOUCHEROLLE. Muscivora" (de Lacépède 1799); "Tyrannus Lacepède, 1799, Tabl. Méth. Mamm. Ois., p. 5. Type, by tautonymy, Lanius tyrannus Linnaeus." (Traylor in Peters 1979, VIII, 221).
Var. Tirannus, Tiranus, Tryannus.
Synon. Despotes, Dioctes, Drymonax, Laphyctes, Melittarchus, Milvulus, Muscivora, Myiocapta, Satellus, Semnarchus, Tolmarchus.


L. tyrannus tyrant < Gr. τυραννος turannos tyrant.
● ex “Tyran à queue fourchue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Tyrannus savana).
● ex “Tyrant” of Catesby 1731: “The courage of this little bird is singular. He pursues and puts to flight all kinds of birds that come near his station, from the smallest to the largest, none escaping his fury ” (Tyrannus).