Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Aethiops

(syn. Nigrita Ϯ Grey-headed Negrofinch N. canicapillus) Gr. Αιθιοψ Aithiops  Ethiopian, negro, blackened  < αιθω aithō  to burn; ωψ ōps,  ωπος ōpos face; "Genus ÆTHIOPS *, n. g.  ... This singular generic form is very difficult to classify. The beak is somewhat similar in form to that of a Tanager, but its other characters and the African habitat forbid such a collocation. The beak also exhibits some resemblance to that of Artamus, but the shortness of the wings makes a marked contrast to that genus.  ... * Aιθιοψ, a negro, in reference to the colour and habitat" (Strickland 1841).

aethiops

Gr. Αιθιοψ Aithiops  Ethiopian, negro, blackened  < αιθω aithō  to burn; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  face.
● ex “Coucal Nègre” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 222 (?syn. Centropus menbeki, ?syn. Centropus bernsteini).
● ex “Turdus aethiops” of Lichtenstein MS (Myrmecocichla).

Aethiopsar

(syn. Acridotheres Ϯ Jungle Mynah A. fuscus) Gr. αιθιοψ aithiops  negro, blackened  < αιθω aithō  to burn; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  face; ψαρ psar, ψαρος psaros  starling; "Genus ÆTHIOPSAR, Sharpe, 1889.  The genus Æthiopsar differs from Acridotheres in one important particular. The birds of the latter genus have a considerable space on the side of the head bare of feathers; those of the former have the whole side of the head and even the eyelids closely feathered.  Æthiopsar contains three species of Myna found in India, one of which is very common and widely distributed, and two are little known and found only on the estern borders of the Empire. In habits they resemble Acridotheres, but the commoner species, Æ. fuscus, is confined to forest country as a rule, and is seldom seen near houses.  ...  552. Æthiopsar fuscusThe Jungle Myna.  ...  553. Æthiopsar grandisThe Siamese Myna.  ...  554. Æthiopsar albicinctusThe Collared Myna." (Oates 1889); "There is considerable variation in the species of Acridotheres, some of which have a large space round the eye, while others have none, to wit, A. cristatellus and its allies, which seem to us to deserve separate recognition under the heading of a subgenus, for which we propose the name of Æthiopsar" (Sharpe 1890); "Aethiopsar Oates, 1889, Fauna British India, Birds, ed. 1, 1, p. 539. Type, by subsequent designation (Baker, 1930, Fauna British India, Birds, ed. 2, 7, p. 216), Pastor fuscus Wagler." (Amadon in Peters 1962, XV, 112).