Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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affinae / affine / affinis

L. adfinis or affinis  related, allied, neighbourly  < ad  towards; finis  end, boundary. Over 85 forms share this specific epithet, which indicates relationship or similarity (not necessarily to a currently recognised congeneric species). Some descriptions contain no information as to the supposed related species (e.g. Apus (cf. “neighbouring, in reference to its habit of br[eeding] in close association with man” (Hockey et al. 2005)), Certhia), have subsequently been identified as hybrids (e.g. Ramphocelus affinis Lesson, 1840 = R. dimidiatus x R. icteronotus), or refer to an allied taxon I am unable to identify.  The Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis affinis was considered merely larger and duller than A. cantor (= syn. A. panayensis), and other known examples (allied species or genera shown in parentheses) include; Vogelkop Owlet-nightjar Aegotheles (Australian Owlet-nightjar A. cristatus); Grey-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera (Olive White-eye Zosterops olivaceus); Lesser Scaup Aythya (Greater Scaup A. marila); Blyth’s Frogmouth Batrachostomus (Javan Frogmouth B. javensis); White-browed Treecreeper Climacteris (Red-browed Treecreeper C. erythrops); White-bellied Swiftlet Collocalia (Edible-nest Swiftlet C. inexpectata); Indochinese Roller Coracias (Indian Roller C. benghalensis); Irrawaddy Broadbill Cymbirhynchus (Black-and-red Broadbill C. macrorhynchos); Zanzibar Puffback Dryoscopus (Black-backed Puffback D. cubla); Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza (White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis); Pine Flycatcher Empidonax (Brown-breasted Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus); Scrub Euphonia Euphonia (Blue-grey Tanager Thraupis episcopus); Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes (Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus ocellatus); Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron (White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum); Black-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus (genus Eidopsarus); Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas (Black-and-yellow Grosbeak M. icterioides); Angola Brubru Nilaus (Southern Brubru N. brubru); Andaman Hawk Owl Ninox (Brown Hawk Owl N. scutulata); Mindanao Hornbill Penelopides (Tarictic Hornbill P. panini); Tickell’s Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus (Willow Warbler P. trochilus); White-spectacled Warbler Seicercus (Grey-cheeked Warbler S. poliogenys); Campo Suiriri Suiriri (American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla ♀ and Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus ♀); Oriental Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone (Indian Paradise-flycatcher T. paradisi); Seram Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas (Criniger bulbuls); Black-faced Laughingthrush Trochalopteron (Variegated Laughingthrush T. variegatum and Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum); Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis (Little Woodpecker V. passerinus).


● L. sub  slightly, somewhat; affinis  related  < ad  towards; finis  end, boundary (subsp. Ortalis guttata).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Oriolus affinis Gould, 1848 (= subsp. Oriolus sagittatus) (syn. Oriolus sagittatus affinis).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Pardalotus affinis Gould, 1837 (= syn. Pardalotus striatus) (syn. Pardalotus substriatus).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Motacilla affinis Tickell, 1833 (Phylloscopus).
● L. sub  near to; specific name Tanygnathus affinis Wallace, 1863 (= subsp. Tanygnathus megalorynchos) (subsp. Tanygnathus megalorynchos).