Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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albilatera / albilateralis

L. albus  white; lateralis  lateral, of the side  < latus, lateris  side, flank.

ater

L. ater black, dark, dull, matt black (cf. niger shining black, glossy black).
● ex “Martinet à Croupion Blanc” of Levaillant 1807 (?syn. Apus caffer).
● ex “Black Hawk” of A. Wilson 1812 (syn. Buteo lagopus sanctijohannis).
● ex “Aigle noir huppé d’Amérique” of de Buffon (Sonnini ed.) 1800-1802 (syn. Buteogallus urubitinga).
● ex “Crested black Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Clamator jacobinus serratus).
● ex “Iribin noir” of Vieillot 1816 (Daptrius).
● ex “Falco columbarius Nebbi“ of Ray 1713, “Schwarzbrauner Habicht” of Frisch 1733, “Black Hawk or Falcon” of Edwards 1743, “Falco niger” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon passager” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 469, and “Black Falcon” of Latham 1781 (syn. Falco peregrinus).
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de Saint-Domingue” (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-throated Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Icterus dominicensis).
● ex “Black Gled” of Sibbald 1684, “Braunermaldgeyer” of Kramer 1756, “Milvus niger” of Brisson 1760, “Milan noir” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 472, and “Black Kite “ of Latham 1787 (syn. Milvus migrans).
● ex “Troupiale de la Caroline” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 606, fig. 1, “Petit Troupiale noir” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Black Oriole” of Latham 1782 (Molothrus).
● ex “Parus ater” of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Colemouse” of Ray 1713, and “Parus capite nigro, dorso cinereo, occipite pectoreque albo” of Linnaeus 1746 (Periparus).
● ex “Héoro-taire noir” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Phylidonyris niger).
● ex “Dusky Flycatcher” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Sayornis phoebe).
● ex “Tangara à cravate noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 714, fig. 2, and “Camail” or “Cravate” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Schistochlamys melanopis).
● ex “Ararauna” or “Machao” of de Laet 1633, “Ara noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black Maccaw” of Latham 1781 (unident.).

ateralba / ateralbus

L. ater black; albus white.

aterrima / aterrimum / aterrimus

Unattested L. aterrimus  very black, blackest  < super. ater  black.
● ex “Great Black Cockatoo” of Edwards 1764, “Kakatoës noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black Cockatoo” of Latham 1781 (Probosciger).
● ex “Puffinus carbonaria” of Solander MS, and “Bulweria aterrima” of authors (Pseudobulweria).
● ex “Lesser Black Promerops” of Latham 1822 (Scoptelus).

attwateri

Henry Philemon Attwater (1854-1931) English naturalist, emigrated to Canada (1873) and to Texas (1889) where he became a pioneer conservationist (subsp. Tympanuchus cupido).

caterinae

Caterina Paolina Luisa Whitaker née Scalia (1858-1957) Italian wife of British archaeologist and ornithologist Joseph I. S. Whitaker (Martin Schneider and Laurent Raty in litt.) (syn. Oenanthe hispanica).

catervaria

L. catervarius of a crowd < caterva crowd, troop, band of men.

chrysater

Late L. chrysos gold < Gr. χρυσος khrusos gold; L. ater black.

crateri

Ngorongoro Crater, Mbulu District, Tanganyika (= Tanzania).

Crateropus

(syn. Turdoides Ϯ Blackcap Babbler T. reinwardtii) Gr. κρατερος krateros  strong, stout; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "CRATEROPUS Reinwardii.  Black-masked, or Reinwardts Thrush.  ...  Bill hard, compressed, either slightly notched or entire: wings and tail rounded, the former short, the latter broad.  Feet remarkably large and strong; the two outer fore toes equal, the middle lengthened; hind toe and claw very large: claws compressed, strong, and but slightly curved" (Swainson 1831 (Aug.)) (see Cratopus).

CRATEROSCELIS

(Acanthizidae; Ϯ Rusty Mouse Warbler C. murina) Gr. κρατερος krateros  stout, strong; σκελος skelos, σκελεος skeleos  leg; "[Key] f''. Tail of moderate length, not hidden by the plumes of the rump.  ...  l'''. Bill equal in height and depth.  i4. Rictal bristles scarcely perceptible. . .31.CRATEROSCELIS   ...  [Text] 31. CRATEROSCELISRange. New Guinea, Waigiou, Mysol, Aru Island.  ...  1. Crateroscelis murina.  ...  2. Crateroscelis monacha." (Sharpe 1883). Despite careful searching I am unable to find any reference alluding to the stout legs of these terrestrial warblers. Recent work indicates that this genus should be subsumed into Origma.

craterum

L. craterum  of the craters < cratera or crater, crateris  volcanic crater  < Gr. κρατηρ kratēr, κρατηρος kratēros  crater, bowl  < κεραννυμι kerannumi  to mix.

cyanater

L. cyanos  lapis lazuli; ater  black.

flavilateralis

L. flavus yellow, golden-yellow; lateralis of the flanks < latus side.

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