Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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albilatera / albilateralis

L. albus  white; lateralis  lateral, of the side  < latus, lateris  side, flank.


L. ater black, dark, dull, matt black (cf. niger shining black, glossy black).
● ex “Martinet à Croupion Blanc” of Levaillant 1807 (?syn. Apus caffer).
● ex “Black Hawk” of A. Wilson 1812 (syn. Buteo lagopus sanctijohannis).
● ex “Aigle noir huppé d’Amérique” of de Buffon (Sonnini ed.) 1800-1802 (syn. Buteogallus urubitinga).
● ex “Crested black Cuckow” of Latham 1782 (syn. Clamator jacobinus serratus).
● ex “Iribin noir” of Vieillot 1816 (Daptrius).
● ex “Falco columbarius Nebbi“ of Ray 1713, “Schwarzbrauner Habicht” of Frisch 1733, “Black Hawk or Falcon” of Edwards 1743, “Falco niger” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon passager” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 469, and “Black Falcon” of Latham 1781 (syn. Falco peregrinus).
● ex “Merle à gorge noire de Saint-Domingue” (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 559, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-throated Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Icterus dominicensis).
● ex “Black Gled” of Sibbald 1684, “Braunermaldgeyer” of Kramer 1756, “Milvus niger” of Brisson 1760, “Milan noir” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 472, and “Black Kite “ of Latham 1787 (syn. Milvus migrans).
● ex “Troupiale de la Caroline” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 606, fig. 1, “Petit Troupiale noir” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Black Oriole” of Latham 1782 (Molothrus).
● ex “Parus ater” of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Colemouse” of Ray 1713, and “Parus capite nigro, dorso cinereo, occipite pectoreque albo” of Linnaeus 1746 (Periparus).
● ex “Héoro-taire noir” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Phylidonyris niger).
● ex “Dusky Flycatcher” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Sayornis phoebe).
● ex “Tangara à cravate noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 714, fig. 2, and “Camail” or “Cravate” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Schistochlamys melanopis).
● ex “Ararauna” or “Machao” of de Laet 1633, “Ara noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black Maccaw” of Latham 1781 (unident.).

ateralba / ateralbus

L. ater black; albus white.

aterrima / aterrimum / aterrimus

Unattested L. aterrimus  very black, blackest  < super. ater  black.
● ex “Great Black Cockatoo” of Edwards 1764, “Kakatoës noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black Cockatoo” of Latham 1781 (Probosciger).
● ex “Puffinus carbonaria” of Solander MS, and “Bulweria aterrima” of authors (Pseudobulweria).
● ex “Lesser Black Promerops” of Latham 1822 (Scoptelus).


Henry Philemon Attwater (1854-1931) English naturalist, emigrated to Canada (1873) and to Texas (1889) where he became a pioneer conservationist (subsp. Tympanuchus cupido).


Caterina Paolina Luisa Whitaker née Scalia (1858-1957) Italian wife of British archaeologist and ornithologist Joseph I. S. Whitaker (Martin Schneider and Laurent Raty in litt.) (syn. Oenanthe hispanica).


L. catervarius of a crowd < caterva crowd, troop, band of men.


Late L. chrysos gold < Gr. χρυσος khrusos gold; L. ater black.


Ngorongoro Crater, Mbulu District, Tanganyika (= Tanzania).


(syn. Turdoides Ϯ Blackcap Babbler T. reinwardtii) Gr. κρατερος krateros  strong, stout; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "CRATEROPUS Reinwardii.  Black-masked, or Reinwardts Thrush.  ...  Bill hard, compressed, either slightly notched or entire: wings and tail rounded, the former short, the latter broad.  Feet remarkably large and strong; the two outer fore toes equal, the middle lengthened; hind toe and claw very large: claws compressed, strong, and but slightly curved" (Swainson 1831 (Aug.)) (see Cratopus).


(Acanthizidae; Ϯ Rusty Mouse Warbler C. murina) Gr. κρατερος krateros  stout, strong; σκελος skelos, σκελεος skeleos  leg; "[Key] f''. Tail of moderate length, not hidden by the plumes of the rump.  ...  l'''. Bill equal in height and depth.  i4. Rictal bristles scarcely perceptible. . .31.CRATEROSCELIS   ...  [Text] 31. CRATEROSCELISRange. New Guinea, Waigiou, Mysol, Aru Island.  ...  1. Crateroscelis murina.  ...  2. Crateroscelis monacha." (Sharpe 1883). Despite careful searching I am unable to find any reference alluding to the stout legs of these terrestrial warblers. Recent work indicates that this genus should be subsumed into Origma.


L. craterum  of the craters < cratera or crater, crateris  volcanic crater  < Gr. κρατηρ kratēr, κρατηρος kratēros  crater, bowl  < κεραννυμι kerannumi  to mix.


L. cyanos  lapis lazuli; ater  black.


L. flavus yellow, golden-yellow; lateralis of the flanks < latus side.