Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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Alcatras

(syn. Pelecanus Ϯ Brown Pelican P. occidentalis) Spanish name Alcatras for a pelican (see Albatros); "Sed aliam præterea Onocrotalus pulchram connexionem suppeditabit cim Grallis, intermedia Chilensi ave Alcatraz f) quam ex Grallarum ordine esse oportet, quum corpus gallopavonem magnitudine non attingens duorum pedum altitudinis cruribus sulciatur: sed quæ vastissimo gulari sacco haud alii avi quam Onocrotalo propior est.  ...
f) Ejus avis mentio sit, in satis jejuna ceterum descriptione historiæ naturalis Chilensis, quæ in Journ. de Phys. 1779. Decembr. p. 475. extat, ut tamen facile ordo genusque avis agnosci possit. Tabulæ nostræ qui velit ita inferere poterit, ut sinuatam colligentem lineam, qualis e. g. post Testudinem conspicitur, ponat ante Pelec. Onocrotalum, cujus inferior apex non plane Pel. Bassanum attinget. Ab eo apice deducat punctatam horizontalem lineam, quæ cadat in nomen Alcatras superscriptam spatio, quod inter Charadrium & Oedicnemum medium est. Ab ea voce delabatur linea punctata in Tant. Loculatorem qui spatium inter Oedicnemum & Scolopacem occupet, & cum Tantalo vicissim conjungendum" (Hermann 1783).

ankaratrae

Ankaratra Mts., central Madagascar.

atra

L. ater black, dark, dull, dusky, dead black (cf. niger shining black, glossy black, jet black).
● ex “Martinet à Croupion Blanc” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 244, fig. 1 (?syn. Apus caffer).
● ex “Lori noir de la Nouvelle Guinée” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Black Lory” of Latham 1781 (Chalcopsitta).
● ex “Ardea nigra” of Brisson 1760, “Héron noir” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ciconia nigra).
● ex “Fulica” of Belon 1555, Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Coot” of Ray 1713, and “Fulica fronte calva æquali” of Linnaeus 1746 (Fulica).
● ex “Coucou noir de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 512 (Monasa).
● ex “Tordo grande” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 60 (syn. Scaphidura oryzivora).
● ex “Tangara à cravate noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 714, fig. 2, “Camail” or “Cravate” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-faced Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Schistochlamys melanopis).
● ex “Gobe-mouche de l’île de Bourbon” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 572, fig. 3 (syn. Setophaga ruticilla).
● ex “Petite Bergeronnette du cap de bonne espérance” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “African Wagtail” of Latham 1783 (unident.).
● ex “Dusky Fly-catcher” of Pennant 1785 (unident.).

atrabectus

Anagram of specific name Dicrurus bracteatus Gould, 1841 (cf. L. ater black; trabea robe; trabecula little beam) (subsp. Dicrurus bracteatus).

atragularis

Original spelling of specific name Accentor atrogularis von Brandt, 1844.

Atraphornis

(syn. Sylvia Ϯ Asian Desert Warbler S. nana) Botanical genus Atraphaxis Linnaeus, 1753, atraphaxis, orache  < Gr. ατραφαξις atraphaxis  orache; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "140. Atraphornis aralensis, Eversm." (Severtzov 1873) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz; Laurent Raty in litt.).

atrata / atratus

L. atratus  clothed in mourning  < ater  black.
● ex “Black Vulture or Carrion Crow” of Bartram 1791 (Coragyps).
● ex “Black Swan” of Phillip 1789 (Cygnus).
● ex “Black Red-tail” of Latham 1783 (?syn. Phoenicurus ochruros).

BATRACHOSTOMUS

(Podargidae; Ϯ Large Frogmouth B. auritus) Gr. βατραχος batrakhos  frog; στομα stoma, στοματος stomatos  mouth. "Rostrum capite latius ad apicem abrupte acuminatum deflexum, maxilla inverse spatulæformis, culmine carinato" (Horsfield 1821); "Its characters are like those of Podargus Javanensis of Dr Horsfield, having many long loose feathers proceeding horizontally from the root of the upper mandible, which gives the bird a singular and grotesque appearance" (J. Gray 1829); "Genus BATRACHOSTOMUS, Gould.  CHARACTERES GENERICI. Rostrum latius, ac magis depressum quam in genere Podargus dicto, (cui generi hoc approximat) culmine minus carinato.  Nares tubulares, transversim positæ et penicillis tectæ.  Oculi superne cute nuda late marginati, et cristulis plumosis, altera superciliari, altera infra-oculari, postice spectantibus instructi.  Alæ quam in Podargo longiores, remigibus quarto, quinto, sexto et septimo longissimis et inter se fere æqualibus.  Cauda mediocris et rotundata.  Tarsi digitique non tantum breviores sed debiliores quam in Podargo; tarsi antice per dimidium plumosi.    BATRACHOSTOMUS AURITUS.    ...   It is a native of Sumatra, Malacca, &c.  ...  but nothing whatever is known as to its habits or economy."(Gould 1838); "Batrachostomus Gould, Icones Av., pt. 2, 1838, pl. [17] and text. Type, by monotypy, Podargus auritus J. E. Gray." (Peters 1940, IV, 177).
Var. Batraeostomus.
Synon. Bombycistoma, Otothrix.

cephalatra

Gr. κεφαλη kephalē head; L. ater black.

cleopatra

Cleopatra VII Thea Philopatōr Queen of Egypt (69BC-30BC; reigned 52BC-30BC), mistress in turn to Julius Caesar and Mark Antony (subsp. Merops viridissimus).

coerulatra

L. caeruleus azure-blue; ater black.

dactylatra

Gr. δακτυλος daktulos finger; L. ater black (i.e. with black primaries).

fuscoater / fuscoatra

L. fuscus  dusky; ater  black (see fuscater).

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