Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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ERYTHRURA

(Estrildidae; Ϯ Pin-tailed Parrotfinch E. prasina) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; ουρα oura  tail; "Erythura, Sw.  Bill thick, lengthened, resembling that of Euplectes. Tail very long, acuminated.   E. viridis. Pl. Col. 96." (Swainson 1837); "Erythrura Swainson, 1837, Class. Birds, 2, p. 280 (originally misspelled Erythura, but universally emended). Type, by monotypy, Erythrura viridis Temminck, 1835, Pl. Col., livr. 96 = Loxia prasina Sparrman." (Mayr in Peters 1968, XIV, 362).  Excepting E. hyperythra and E. kleinschmidti, all male parrotfinches have bright red rumps and tails. 
Var. Erythura (original spelling).   
Synon. Acalanthe, Acmura, Amblynura, Chloromunia, Chlorura, Erythrina, Lobiospiza, Lobospingus, Poedela, Reichenowia, Rhamphostruthus, Trichroa.

erythrura / erythruros / erythrurus

Gr. ερυθρος eruthros red; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.