Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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atrofuscus

L. ater black; fuscus brown, dusky (cf. Mod. L. atrofuscus dark-brown).

castaneofuscus

L. castaneus  chestnut-brown  < castanea  chestnut  < Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; fuscus  dusky.

fuscus

L. fuscus brown, dusky, dark-coloured, black.
● ex “Merula Philippensis” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Acridotheres tristis).
● ex “Brown Thrush” of Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785 (syn. Catharus swainsoni).
● ex “Alondra parda” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 147 (Cinclodes).
● ex “Sucrier Namaquois” or “Sucrier à Caleçon Blanc” of Levaillant 1812, pl. 296 (Cinnyris).
● ex “Numenius fuscus. Brown Curlew” (= ☼) of Catesby 1731, and “Numenius brasiliensis fuscus” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Eudocimus albus).
● ex “Brown-headed Oriole” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Euphagus carolinus).
● ex “Martin-pêcheur de la côte Malabar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 894 (syn. Halcyon smyrnensis).
● ex “Larus albus, dorso fusco” of Linnaeus 1746 (Larus).
● ex “Brown Merganser” (= ♀) of Pennant 1785 (?syn. Lophodytes cucullatus).
● ex “Mésange Brune à Poitrine Noire” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 139, fig. 1 (syn. Melaniparus afer).
● ex “Brown-headed Oriole” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Molothrus ater).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Vautour de Malthe” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 427 (= ☼) (syn. Neophron percnopterus).
● (J. Gmelin 1788) ex “Vultur fuscus” of Brisson 1760, “Vautour de Malthe” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 427, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Avoltojo Griffone” of Cetti 1776 (syn. Neophron percnopterus).
● ex “Brown Pelican” of Latham 1785 (syn. Pelecanus occidentalis).
● ex Tringa lobata Linnaeus, 1758, and “Phalarope cendré” and “Phalarope brun” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Phalaropus lobatus).
ex “Little Dusky Parrot” of Edwards 1764 (Pionus).
● ex “Merle huppé du cap de bonne Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 563, fig. 1 (syn. Pycnonotus cafer).
● ex “Black-cap Fly-catcher” of Catesby 1731-1743, and Latham 1783, “Muscicapa carolinensis fusca” of Brisson 1760, “Gobe-mouche noirâtre de la Caroline” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-headed Fly-catcher of Pennant 1785 (syn. Sayornis phoebe).
● ex “Brown Tody” of Latham 1781 (unident.).

olivaceofusca / olivaceofuscus

Mod. L. olivaceofuscus  olivaceous-brown  < olivaceus  olivaceous  < L. oliva  olive; L. fuscus  brown.

otofuscus

Gr. ους ous, ωτος ōtos  ear; L. fuscus  dark-coloured, black.

rubrofusca / rubrofuscus

L. ruber  red; fuscus  brown, dusky.
● ex “Soui-manga rouge-doré” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Cinnyris cupreus).

rufofusca / rufofuscum / rufofuscus

L. rufus  rufous; fuscus  brown, dusky.
● ex “Rounoir” of Levaillant 1797, pl. 16 < French homophone roux red; noir black (Buteo).

semifusca / semifuscus

L. semi-  half-  < semis, semissis  half  < as, assis  whole; fuscus  dusky.

subfuscus

L. subfuscus or suffuscus  brownish, dusky, sombre  < sub  somewhat; fuscus  dusky (cf. Mod. L. subfuscus  pale brown, somewhat brown).

suffuscus

L. suffuscus brownish, dusky.

viridifusca / viridifuscus

L. viridis  green  < virere  to be green; fuscus  brown (cf. Mod. L. viridifuscus  dusky-green).