Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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L. albus  white; Gr. ῥις rhis, ῥινος rhinos  nose, nostril.


(syn. Prionochilus Ϯ Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker P. percussus) Gr. χαρις kharis  grace, pleasing; κιρις kiris, κιριδος kiridos  mythical bird. In ornithology ciris is frequently used for the flowerpeckers; "Charitociris,* nom. gen. nov.  Prionochilus STRICLLAND [sic], Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1841   ...   nec Prionocheilus Chevrolat [1837], Coleoptera.   ...   Type.—Pardalotus percussus Temminck.   ...   * Charis, gratia; kiris, ciris (avis mythica.)" (Oberholser 1923).


(syn. Dicaeum Ϯ Striped Flowerpecker D. aeruginosum) Gr. χειλος kheilos, χειλεος kheileos  bill; κιρις kiris, κιριδος kiridos  mythical bird (see Chromatociris); "Chilociris * gen. nov.   Diagnosis.—Resembling Acmonorhynchus, but wing more than 7½ times the length of the exposed culmen; secondaries falling short of the tip of the wing by the length of the tarsus or more; third and fourth primaries longest; bill stouter, its lateral outlines more concave, the culmen strongly decurved; the gonys much convex and abruptly ascending.   ...   Type.—Prionochilus aeruginosus Bourns and Worcester.   Remarks.—The type and only specimen of Chilociris has apparently given ornithologists considerable trouble to allocate generically. Originally described as belonging to Prionochilus, it has successively been placed in Acmonorhynchus and Piprisoma, but as is shown by an examination of its characters, it can not be properly referred to any of them. It really forms a well differentiated monotypic genus, and should stand as Chilociris aeruginosa (Bourns and Worcester).  ...  * Cheilos, rostrum; kiris, ciris (avis mythica)." (Oberholser 1923).


(syn. Dicaeum Ϯ Cebu Flowerpecker D. quadricolor) Gr. χρωμα khrōma, χρωματος khrōmatos  colour, pigment < χρωζω khrōzō  to tinge; κιρις kiris, κιριδος kiridos  mythical bird. In ornithology ciris is frequently used for the flowerpeckers Dicaeidae; "Chromatociris †  gen. nov.   Diagnosis.—Similar to Cryptociris, but with the second, third, and fourth primaries longest; the first (outermost) primary shorter than the fourth; wing not decidedly more than 7 times the length of the exposed culmen; tail only slightly rounded; bill stouter; culmen strongly decurved; narial bristles more numerous and better developed.   ...   Type.—Prionochilus quadricolor Tweeddale.  Remarks.—The narial bristles appear to be rather weaker in Chromatociris bicolor inexpectata than in the type of the genus, Chromatociris quadricolor, but otherwise the former is typical.  ...  †  Chroma, occultus [sic]; kiris, ciris (avis mythica)." (Oberholser 1923) (see Cryptociris).


L. ciris  mythical bird, variously identified  < Gr. κειρις keiris  unidentified bird.
● "160.  HIRUNDO Ciris.   H. nigra, gula cinerea, subcaudalibus lutescentibus punctatis, rectricibus aciculatis.   Hirundo rupestris, alis longissimis, cauda aciculata, Steller obs. ornith. MS.  Hanc speciem nobilissimam nostri venatores nunquam procurare potuerunt, licet eminus in Dauuria aliquoties visam, semper solitariam, celerrimoque volatu se subducentem.  ...  Proxime accedit ad Hirund. pelasgam." (Pallas 1811) (syn. Hirundapus caudacutus).
● "97. EMBERIZA.  ...  Ciris.  13. E. capite cæruleo, abdomine fulvo, dorso viridi, pennis viridi-fuscis. Act. Stockh. 1750. p. 278. t. 7. f. 1.  Fringilla tricolor. Catesb. car. I. p. 44. t. 44.  Fringilla tricolor mexicensis. Edw. av. 130. t. 130.  Fringilla chinensis. Alb. av. 3. p. 64. t. 68.  β. Linaria cærulea. Catesb. car. I. p. 44. t. 44.  Habitat in America.  Caput totum & Collum cæruleum. Dorsum, Alæ Caudaque supra viridia; tota subtus lutea, sed Pectus antice fulvumβ. Femina cærulea solo abdomine albo, hieme fere grisea evadit." (Linnaeus 1758) (Passerina).


(syn. Dicaeum Ϯ Thick-billed Flowerpecker D. agile obsoletum) Gr. κρυπτος kruptos  hidden; κιρις kiris, κιριδος kiridos  mythical bird; "Cryptociris, * gen. nov.  Diagnosis.— Resembling Piprisoma, but with secondaries long, falling short of the tip of the wing by less than the length of the tarsus; width of bill at base more than three-fifths of the length of exposed culmen; tail strongly rounded.   ...   Type. - Pardalotus obsoletus Müller and Schlegel.  Remarks.—This monotypic group is most nearly allied to Piprisoma, but is readily distinguishable as above indicated. Its only species is Cryptociris obsoleta (Müller and Schlegel).   ...   * kryptos, color [sic]; kiris, ciris (avis mythica)." (Oberholser 1923) (see Chromatociris).


Gr. myth. Iris, an Oceanid and daughter of Thaumas and Electra, was the messenger of Juno and goddess of the rainbow  < ιρις iris, ιριδος iridos  rainbow.
● "Forehead magnificent green, succeeded on the sides by rich orange and in the centre by blue, all with a highly metallic lustre; throat, neck and chest glittering green, with a small gorget of purplish feathers in the centre of the former; posterior part of the body and tail chestnut-red" (Gould 1853) (Coeligena).
● "le nom spécifique d'iris ferait illusion aux teintes chatoyantes et métalliques de leur plumage" (Oustalet 1879) (Lamprotornis).
● "Pitt[a]. capite, collo, pectore, abdomine, lateribus, et femoribus nigerrimis; fascia superoculari, ad occiput ducta ferruginea; corpore supra, alisque ex aureo viridibus, humeris metallice cæruleis et fascia inferiore lazulina ornatis" (Gould 1842) (Pitta).
● "Du rouge- vermillon couvre le front, en s'étendant au-dessous des yeux: cette teinte est nuancée à l'occiput de vert et de bleuâtre; une tache améthiste en forme de croissant couvre le méat auditif, et un large collier jaune ceint la nuque; toutes les parties supérieures et la queue sont d'un beau vert-pré, les joues d'un vert clair; la poitrine et les autres parties inférieures d'un vert-jaunâtre" (Temminck 1835) (Psitteuteles).

irisae / irisi / irisii

● Iris Dorrie Darnton née Moreton (b. 1900) English ornithologist, aviculturalist, explorer (subsp. Eurystomus orientalis).
● Iris Priest (d. 1975) wife of oologist Capt. Cecil D. Priest in Southern Rhodesia/Zimbabwe (syn. Ortygospiza locustella).




Egyptian myth. Osiris, god of fertility and the dead, ruler of the underworld, husband and brother of Isis, and father to Horus (subsp. Cinnyris mariquensis, syn. Falco biarmicus tanypterus).