Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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albimaculata / albimaculatus

L. albus  white; maculatus  spotted, blotched  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.

albomaculata

L. albus  white; maculatus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.

atromaculata

L. ater  black; maculatus  spotted   < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot, stain.

bimaculata / bimaculatus

Mod. L. bimaculatus  two-spotted, double-spotted  < L. bi-  double  < bis  twice; maculatus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.

dorsomaculata / dorsomaculatus

L. dorsum back; maculatus spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.

griseomaculata

Med. L. griseum  grey; L. maculatus  spotted  <  maculare  to spot.

immaculata / immaculatus

L. immaculatus  immaculate, spotless, unstained  < in-  without; macula  spot.
● ex “Ypacahá obscuro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 371 (syn. Pardirallus nigricans).

maculata

L. maculatus spotted, blotched < maculare to make spotted < macula spot (cf. Late Med. L. maculatus reticulated, chain-mailed).
● ex “Pivote ortolane de Provence” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 654, fig. 2, “Pivote ortolane” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “”Spotted Wheat-ear” of Latham 1783 (?syn. Anthus trivialis).
● ex “Barbu à ventre tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 746, fig. 1 (syn. Bucco tamatia).
● ex “Crabier tacheté de la Martinique” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 912, and “Crabier vert tacheté” of de Buffon 1770-1786 (subsp. Butorides virescens).
● ex “Soui-manga varié” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Chalcomitra fuliginosa).
● ex “Spotted-winged Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (syn. Chasiempis sandwichensis).
● ex “Cock Purple-breasted Manakin” of Edwards 1764, and “Cotinga du Brésil” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 188 (Cotinga).
● ex “Gobe-mouche noir de Lorraine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 565, figs. 2, 3 (syn. Ficedula hypoleuca).
● ex “Matkneltzel” and “Matkern” of Willughby 1676 and Ray 1713, “Porphyrio punctulatus” of Brisson 1760, and “Speckled Gallinule” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gallinula chloropus).
● ex “Hatí manchado” (= ☼) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 415 (syn. Sternula superciliaris).
● ex “Paloma parda manchada” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 322 (syn. Zenaida auriculata chrysauchenia).

multimaculata

L. multi-  many  < multus  much; maculatus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot.

nigromaculata / nigromaculatus

L. niger black; maculatus spotted < maculare to make spotted < macula spot.

parvimaculata / parvimaculatus

L. parvus  small; maculatus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot, mark.

quadrimaculata / quadrimaculatus

L. quadri-  four-  < quattuor  four; maculatus  spotted  < maculare  to make spotted  < macula  spot (cf. Mod. L. quadrimaculatus  square-spotted).