Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

Displaying 1 - 14 of 25
Type the name you want to search
Arimanus

(syn. Vini Ϯ Blue Lorikeet V. peruviana) No expl. (Rafinesque 1815, Analyse, 64, where placed in Psittacea, sub-family Plumigenia, between Cacatoes and Cephanomus). Doubtless based on “Petite Perruche de l’Île de Taïti” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 455, fig. 2, and “Arimanon” of de Buffon 1770-1783. According to the latter, Arimanon was the Tahitian name for the Blue Lorikeet, and signified “Coconut bird,” from its habitat. However, Lesson 1826-1830, remarked that Arimanon was an error for Arimanou, of the same significance, but an old forgotten name for this lorikeet (cf. Tahitian ari'i  king, prince; manu  bird) (see vini).

birmanica / birmanus

Birma or Burma (= Myanmar).

decumana / decumanus

L. decimanus or decumanus  large, immense  < decimus or decumus  large  < decem  ten (cf. decumanus  legionnaire of the tenth cohort  < decimus  tenth  < decem  ten).
● ex “Habia de ceja blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 81 (syn. Saltator coerulescens).

Derimanus

(syn. ?) No expl. (Rafinesque 1815, Analyse, 67, where placed in Glyphoramphya, sub-family Lanidia, between Cossyphus and Copsicus).

germanus

L. germanus  brother  < germen, germinis  offshoot  < gignere  to beget.

jumana / jumanus

Jumána, an Amerindian people of Amazonian Brazil.

manu

Manu National Park, Madre de Dios, Peru.

manuae

Manu’a Is., Samoa (= American Samoa).

MANUCERTHIA

(Fringillidae; Ϯ Hawai'i Creeper M. mana) "This name combines the Hawaiian word manu meaning "bird" with the Greek [κερθιος] certhia, "a creeper" (also used as the generic name for Holarctic treecreepers). It roughly translates as "creeper bird." The gender is feminine" (Pratt 2009). 

MANUCODIA

(Paradisaeidae; Ϯ Crinkle-collared Manucode M. chalybatus) Contracted form of “Manucodiata,” the name assigned to a group of birds-of-paradise by Brisson 1760, based on Old Javanese Manu ko dewata  birds of the gods; "634. Le Chalybé de la nouvelle Guinée, BUFF. V. p. 236. BRISS. Ornith. o. LINN. Gen. 52. o. Manucodia chalybea, mihi. Blue green Paradise bird LATH. I. p. 482. 7." (Boddaert 1783); "Manucodia Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. enlum., p. 39, no. 634. Type, by monotypy, M. chalybea Boddaert = P. chalybata Pennant. [Masculine, from old Javanese; "manukdewa" -- bird of the gods]." (Mayr in Peters 1962, XV, 184).   
Synon. Chalybaeus, Eucorax, Manucorax.
(syn. Parotia Ϯ Western Parotia P. sefilata) "20  Manucodia Sexpennis, Linn  o.  ([Cloche] 7.    20 Sixfilet, ou Oiseau de Paradis, Buff. . . . .([Cloche] 7." (Meuschen 1787).

Manucodiata

● (syn. Cicinnurus Ϯ King Bird-of-Paradise C. regius) "Paradisaea regia Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. X p. 110 (1758 - "in India occidentali"!; patr. subst.: Aru-Inseln).  Manucodiata Brisson 1760 muß an die Stelle von Cicinnurus Vieillot 1816 treten. Die Gattung wurde von Brisson in Ornith. I p. 30 für die beiden Arten begründet, die Linnaeus 1758 Paradisaea apoda und regia benannt hatte, mit der Diagnose: Classe III Ordo IV. . . .rostro recto,acutissimo, paululum lateraliter compresso: pennis binis supra caudam tota Ave longioribus, & pennulis par totam longitudinem, exceptis exortu & apice, destitutis: Manucodiata, Genus 20.  J. Ch. Schaeffer übernahm in Elem. Ornith. 1774, unter "Explicatio tabulae XIII f. 5, 6, 7" den Genusnamen Manucodiata mit fast wörtlicher Beifügung der Brissonschen Diagnose und bildete auf der citierten Tafel Kopf, Fuß und Schwanz des von Linnaeus Paradisaea regia genannten Vogels ab, ohne eine andere Art zu erwähren, wodurch der Typus der Gattung als fixiert betrachtet werden muß." (Stresemann 1913).
● (syn. Paradisaea Ϯ Greater Bird-of-Paradise P. apoda) "Le genre de l'Oiseau-de-Paradis    Genus Manucodiata" (Brisson 1760): based on "Manucodiata" and "Avis paradisiaca" (and variants) of earlier authors, and "PARADISÆA Manucodiata" of Linnaeus 1748. "The Inhabitants of the Island of Ternate call them Manu co dewata, or Birds of God; from which Indian name, the Count de BUFFON has derived the modern name, Manucode" (Perry 1811).

Manucodus

(?syn. Cicinnurus) No expl. (Rafinesque 1815, Analyse, 67, where placed in Glyphoramphya, sub-family Turdinia, after Myrmisus). Doubtless based on “Manucode” of de Buffon 1770-1783.

Manucorax

(syn. Manucodia Ϯ Glossy-mantled Manucode M. ater) Genus Manucodia Boddaert, 1783, manucode; Gr. κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; "Manucorax, gen. nov., differs from Manucodia of authors in lacking the little crest of feathers on the forehead. It also has a different-shaped tail.  Type, Phonygama ater Lesson" (Mathews 1925).

Pages