Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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pilaris

● L. pilaris  hairless (i.e. crestless)  <  pilare  to deprive of hair  < pilus  hair; "Diese der vorhergehenden [Colopterus cristatus = Colopteryx galeatus] sehr ähnliche Art unterscheidet sich besonders durch den Mangel eines deutlichen Schopfes" (Cabanis 1847) (Atalotriccus).
● Mod. L. pilaris  thrush; a confused coining from L. pilus  hair, mistaking Gr. τριχας trikhas  type of thrush, for θριξ thrix, τριχος trikhos  hair (cf. pilaris  of the ball  < pila  ball); ex “Turdus pilaris” of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Fieldfare” or “Feldefare” of Ray 1713, “Fieldfare” of Albin 1731, and “Turdus rectricibus nigris: extimis margine interiore apice albicantibus, capite uropygioque cano” of Linnaeus 1746 (Turdus).

subpilaris

L. sub near to; specific name Turdus pilaris Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Turdus pilaris).

superpilaris

L. super greater; specific name Turdus pilaris Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Turdus pilaris).

ultrapilaris

L. ultra beyond, later, last; specific name Turdus pilaris Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Turdus pilaris).