Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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albitorquata

L. albus  white; torquatus  collared  < torquis or torques  collar  < torquere  to twist.

bitorquata / bitorquatus

Mod. L. bitorquatus  double-banded, double-collared  < L. bi-  two-, double-  < bis  twice; torquatus  banded, collared  < torquis or torques  collar, neck-chain  < torquere  to twist.

flavotorquata

L. flavus  yellow, golden-yellow; torquatus collared, necklaced  < torques or torquis  collar  < torquere  to twist.

semitorquata / semitorquatus

Mod. L. semitorquatus  half-collared  < L. semi-  half-, semi-, small  < semis, semissis  half  < as, assis  whole; torquatus  collared  < torques  collar  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Héoro-taire à collier blanc” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris).
● ex “Petit Engoulevent tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 734, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “White-collared Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Lurocalis).
● ex “Esparvero faxado” (= ☼) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 19 (Micrastur).
● ex “Figuier à demi-collier” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Half-collared Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (unident.).

simitorquata

Original spelling of specific name Falco semitorquata A. Smith, 1836.

squammotorquata

L. squama  scale; torquatus  collared  < torquis or torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.

subtorquata / subtorquatus

L. sub  beneath, somewhat; torquatus  necklaced, collared  < torques or torquis  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● L. sub  near to; specific name Corythopis torquata von Tschudi, 1844 (subsp. Corythopis torquatus).

torquata

L. torquatus  collared  < torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Pato collar negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 441 (syn. Callonetta leucophrys).
● ex “Guira-querea” of Ray 1713, “Tette-Chèvre du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, and “Gold-collared Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Hydropsalis).
● ex “Rasle à collier des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Hypotaenidia).
● ex “Martin-pescheur hupé du Méxique” of Brisson 1760 (Megaceryle).
● ex “Fourmilier de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 700, fig. 1 (Myrmornis).
● ex “Chouette à Collier” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 42 (syn. Pulsatrix perspicillata).
● ex “Maizi de Miacatototl” of Seba 1734, and de Buffon 1770-1783, “Manacus torquatus” of Brisson 1760, and “Collared Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).