Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology

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albotorquatus

L. albus  white; torquatus  collared  < torquis or torques  collar, necklace.

bitorquata / bitorquatus

Mod. L. bitorquatus  double-banded, double-collared  < L. bi-  two-, double-  < bis  twice; torquatus  banded, collared  < torquis or torques  collar, neck-chain  < torquere  to twist.

semitorquata / semitorquatus

Mod. L. semitorquatus  half-collared  < L. semi-  half-, semi-, small  < semis, semissis  half  < as, assis  whole; torquatus  collared  < torques  collar  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Héoro-taire à collier blanc” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (syn. Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris).
● ex “Petit Engoulevent tacheté de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 734, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “White-collared Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Lurocalis).
● ex “Esparvero faxado” (= ☼) of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 19 (Micrastur).
● ex “Figuier à demi-collier” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Half-collared Warbler” of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (unident.).

subtorquata / subtorquatus

L. sub  beneath, somewhat; torquatus  necklaced, collared  < torques or torquis  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● L. sub  near to; specific name Corythopis torquata von Tschudi, 1844 (subsp. Corythopis torquatus).

torquatus

L. torquatus  collared  < torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Tangara de la Guyane” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 742 (syn. Arremon taciturnus).
● ex “Pic à cravate noire” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 863 (Celeus).
● ex “Pluvier à collier” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Charadrius hiaticula).
● ex “Ring Plover” of Leach 1816 (syn. Charadrius hiaticula).
● ex “Pluvier à collier de S. Domingue” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Charadrius vociferus ternominatus).
● ex “Clouded Shrike” of Latham 1787 (Cracticus).
● ex “Barbu à Plastron Noir” of Levaillant 1806 (Lybius).
● ex “Ring Pheasant” of Latham 1783 (subsp. Phasianus colchicus).
● ex “Perruche à collier” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 551, and “Perruche à collier couleur de rose” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Psittacula krameri).
● ex “Cochitenacatl” of Hernandez 1651, “Toucan à collier du Méxique” of Brisson 1760, “Cochicat” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Collared Toucan” of Latham 1781 (Pteroglossus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à collier du Cap de Bonne Espérance” of Brisson 1760 (Saxicola).
● ex “Merula torquata” of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599, and Willughby 1676, “Ring-Ouzel” or “Amzel” of Ray 1713, “Ring Owzel” or “Ring Ouzell” of Albin 1731, and “Turdus nigricans, torque albo, rostro flavescente” of Linnaeus 1746 (Turdus).
● ex “Perruche à collier” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “Petite Perruche à collier de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Collared Parrakeet” of Latham 1781 (unident.).