Order Charadriiformes

Family Turnicidae

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Previously placed in Gruiformes, but now universally accepted as belonging in Charadriiformes#R#R#R.

  • Small, plump, quail-like terrestrial birds, with short legs, no hind toe and a rudimentary tail.
  • Afrotropical, Oriental and Australasian Regions; peripheral in SW Palearctic.
  • Grassland to forest, from sea-level up to 2500 m.
  • 10-23 cm.
  • 2 genera, 18 species, 59 taxa.
  • 3 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Debus, S. & Bonan, A. (2019). Buttonquails (Turnicidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52225 on 11 December 2019).