Order Gruiformes

Family Gruidae

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Probably sister-family to Aramidae#R.

  • Large, graceful wading and terrestrial birds, with long neck and legs, and mainly grey or white plumage.
  • All regions except Antarctic, but only marginal in Neotropical; greatest diversity of genera in Africa, of species in Asia.
  • Wide expanses of shallow wetlands and grasslands from the Arctic to the tropics.
  • 90-176 cm.
  • 6 genera, 15 species, 25 taxa.
  • 11 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D. & Bonan, A. (2020). Cranes (Gruidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52226 on 22 February 2020).