Order Caprimulgiformes

Family Trochilidae

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  • Small to tiny fast-flying birds, with extensively iridescent plumage, many with strikingly coloured gorget or crest; thin bill extremely variable, from short to extremely long, from straight to sharply curved; feet tiny.
  • New World, mainly Neotropical.
  • Wide variety of habitats, wherever suitable food plants occur, from sea-level up to c. 5000 m, with greatest diversity in submontane zone.
  • 5-22 cm.
  • 105 genera, 365 species, 712 taxa.
  • 39 species threatened;
    1 definitely extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Bonan, A. (2019). Hummingbirds (Trochilidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52268 on 14 December 2019).