Order Sphenisciformes

Family Spheniscidae

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  • Medium-sized to large, flightless seabirds with thick-set body, short, robust legs, and wings compressed to form flippers.
  • Antarctic and Australasian Regions; marginal in Afrotropical and Neotropical.
  • Marine, mainly in cold waters of Antarctic and subantarctic.
  • 40-115 cm.
  • 6 genera, 18 species, 26 taxa.
  • 10 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Martínez, I. & Bonan, A. (2019). Penguins (Spheniscidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52190 on 12 December 2019).