Order Columbiformes

Family Columbidae

Pigeons, Doves
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  • Small to large rather stocky birds with small head, short bill and short legs; flight muscles well developed.
  • Cosmopolitan.
  • Almost all terrestrial habitats, from dense forest to desert, from cool temperate zone to tropics.
  • 15-75 cm.
  • 49 genera, 350 species, 765 taxa.
  • 72 species threatened;
    almost certainly 2 of these, as well as 8 other species and 3 subspecies, extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W. & Horblit, H.M. (2019). Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52254 on 10 December 2019).