Order Charadriiformes

Family Scolopacidae

Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes
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Sequence of species in this family is based largely on findings of a recent phylogenetic study#R.

  • Small to medium-sized waders with short to long legs; bill often long and may be straight, decurved or slightly recurved.
  • All regions except Antarctic; most species breed in Northern Hemisphere and are highly migratory.
  • Mainly coastal and on inland wetlands; breeds in open steppe, grassland, marsh, tundra, scrubland and even forest.
  • 12-66 cm.
  • 16 genera, 91 species, 146 taxa.
  • 12 species threatened;
    2 species and 1 subspecies extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Piersma, T. & Bonan, A. (2020). Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52244 on 22 February 2020).