Order Passeriformes

Family Spindalidae

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Previously included in Thraupidae. Recent genetic data#R place it instead in a Caribbean assemblage, and suggest it is sufficiently divergent to merit its own family, which is probably sister to Nesospingidae, these two in turn being sister to Phaenicophilidae (which see, above).

Recommended citation

(2019). Spindalises (Spindalidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343556 on 16 December 2019).