Order Passeriformes

Family Hirundinidae

Swallows and Martins
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  • Small to medium-sized aerial-feeding passerines, with long wings and streamlined body; tail forked in many species.
  • Cosmopolitan.
  • Wide variety of habitats, from semi-arid areas to forest, often near water.
  • 11-25 cm.
  • 21 genera, 89 species, 210 taxa.
  • 8 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2019). Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52303 on 11 December 2019).