Order Struthioniformes

Family Tinamidae

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Several recent studies place this family within Struthioniformes, with rheas as closest relatives#R#R#R#R. Sequence of genera modified in line with recent morphological and molecular analyses, which show Tinamus and Crypturellus to be sister groups, with Nothocercus basal to all other tinamous#R#R#R.

  • Small to medium-sized, plump terrestrial birds with short, strong legs and rudimentary tail.
  • Neotropical Region.
  • Forests or savanna/steppe, from sea-level up to 5300 m.
  • 15-50 cm.
  • 9 genera, 48 species, 149 taxa.
  • 8 species threatened;
    none definitely extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Cabot, J. (2020). Tinamous (Tinamidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52189 on 26 January 2020).